Producing high-strength metals by I-ECAP

Michal Gzyl, Andrzej Rosochowski, Sonia Boczkal, Lech Olejnik, Mohd Nizam Katimon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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Incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP) is used in this work to produce ultrafine-grained (UFG) pure iron, aluminum alloy 5083, commercial purity titanium (grade 4), and magnesium alloy AZ31B. Pure iron is processed at room temperature, aluminum alloy at 200 °C, titanium at 320 °C, and magnesium alloy at 150 °C. Strength improvement, attributed to the grain refinement below 1 μm, is reported for all processed materials. The yield strength increase is the most apparent in pure iron, reaching almost 500 MPa after one pass of I-ECAP, comparing to 180 MPa in the as-forged conditions. UFG titanium, aluminum, and magnesium alloys obtained in this study reached yield stress of 800, 350, and 300 MPa, respectively, in each case exhibiting the yield strength increase by at least 30%, comparing to the alloys processed by conventional metal forming operations such as forging and rolling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-223
Number of pages5
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number2
Early online date3 Sep 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016


  • high-strength metals
  • I-ECAP
  • incremental equal channel angular pressing
  • yield strength
  • pure iron
  • UFG titanium
  • aluminium
  • magnesium alloys


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