Pressure distribution at the seating interface of custom-molded wheelchair seats: effect of various materials

D.P. Apatsidis, S.E. Solomonidis, S.M. Michael

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    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aims to identify which of 4 materials has the most favorable pressure distribution when used in custom-molded seats (CMSs) to assist clinicians in providing appropriate seating for wheelchair-bound individuals who are prone to develop pressure ulcers. Pressure readings were taken at the seat interface with pneumatic pressure sensors and the Talley Pressure Monitor. Peak pressure readings, mean pressure ratio, and peak pressure ratio for the different materials were compared. Results: Foams, Sunmate in particular, produced lower peak-interface pressures and also showed better pressure distribution than did gels. Foams are the preferred insert material with CMSs when increased tissue breakdown risk is present.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1151-1156
    Number of pages5
    JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Volume83
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Keywords

    • bioengineering
    • medicine
    • wheelchairs
    • seating
    • rehabilitation

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