Pressure coefficient simulated by CFD for wind-driven ventilation analysis

Daniel Cóstola, Marcia Alucci

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

3 Citations (Scopus)


Pressure coefficients (CP) are fundamental to calculate ventilation rates in buildings by the airflow network models (AFN). This paper deals with the use of CFD simulation to calculate CP, and the use of those CP values as input in building energy simulations (BES). The commercial package CFX was used to calculate CP for a 5-stories isolated building, typically found in social housing complexes in Brazil, The standard k-ε turbulence model was adopted. The paper describes the software settings and discusses the importance of some guidelines prescriptions as mesh independence, adopted wind profile and the use of roughness in the domain floor. The CP values were applied in the BES-AFN model TAS for the São Paulo-Brazil climate. The main conclusion is that mesh and the adopted wind profile have a strong influence in the calculated CP values, and the guidelines prescriptions are relevant and should be followed. The BES-AFN results show large differences depending on the source of CP data: the CFD simulation or the generic values found in the literature. Experimental validation is recommended to assess the better CP source for AFN model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIBPSA 2007 - International Building Performance Simulation Association 2007
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventBuilding Simulation 2007, BS 2007 - Beijing, China
Duration: 3 Sept 20076 Sept 2007


ConferenceBuilding Simulation 2007, BS 2007


  • airflow network
  • CFD
  • wind pressure coefficient


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