A detailed study of pressure- and temperature-driven flows through long channels of triangular and trapezoidal cross sections is carried out. Due to the imposed pressure and temperature gradients there is a combined gas flow consisting of a thermal creep flow from the cold toward the hot reservoir and a Poiseuille flow from the high- toward the low-pressure reservoir. The formulation is based on the linearized Shakhov model subject to Maxwell boundary conditions, and it is solved numerically using a finite-difference scheme in the physical space and the discrete velocity method in the molecular velocity space. The results are valid in the whole range of the Knudsen number. In addition to the dimensionless flow rates, a methodology is presented to estimate for a certain set of input data the mass flow rates and the pressure distribution along the channel. Finally, special attention is given to the case of zero net mass flow and to the computation of the coefficient of the thermomolecular pressure difference.
Ritos, K., Lihnaropoulos, Y., Naris, S., & Valougeorgis, D. (2011). Pressure- and temperature-driven flow through triangular and trapezoidal microchannels. Heat Transfer Engineering, 32(13-14), 1101-1107. https://doi.org/10.1080/01457632.2011.562455