Prescription patterns and adequacy of blood pressure control among adult hypertensive patients in Kenya; findings and implications

Jennifer M. Mbui, Margaret N. Oluka, Eric M. Guantai, Kipruto A. Sinei, Loice Achieng, Amanj Baker, Mary Jande, Amos Massele, Brian Godman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a major cause of global morbidity and mortality, with high prevalence rates in Africa including Kenya. Consequently, it is imperative to understand current treatment approaches and their effectiveness in practice. Currently, there is paucity of such data in Kenya, which is a concern. The aim is to describe prescribing patterns and adequacy of blood pressure control in adult hypertensive patients to guide future practice. Method: Retrospective study of patients attending a sub-county outpatient clinic combined with qualitative interviews. Results: 247 hypertensive patients, predominantly female, mean age 55.8 years on antihypertensive therapy for 1-5 years, were analyzed. ACEIs and thiazide diuretics were the most commonly prescribed mainly as combination therapy. Treatment typically complied with guidelines, mainly for stage 2 hypertension (75%). BP control was observed in 46% of patients, with a significant reduction in mean systolic (155 to 144 mmHg) and diastolic (91 to 83 mmHg) BP (P<0.001). Patients on ≥2 antihypertensive drugs were more likely to have uncontrolled BP (OR:1.9, p=0.021). Conclusion: Encouragingly good adherence to guidelines helped by training. Poor blood pressure control in the majority needs to be addressed. Additional training of prescribers and follow-up of measures to improve BP control will be introduced and followed up
LanguageEnglish
Pages1263-1271
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume10
Issue number11
Early online date23 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Kenya
Prescriptions
Blood Pressure
Antihypertensive Agents
Hypertension
Guideline Adherence
Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
Therapeutics
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Retrospective Studies
Guidelines
Interviews
Morbidity
Mortality

Keywords

  • hypertension
  • prescribing patterns
  • treatment guidelines
  • antihypertensive medicines
  • Kenya

Cite this

Mbui, Jennifer M. ; Oluka, Margaret N. ; Guantai, Eric M. ; Sinei, Kipruto A. ; Achieng, Loice ; Baker, Amanj ; Jande, Mary ; Massele, Amos ; Godman, Brian. / Prescription patterns and adequacy of blood pressure control among adult hypertensive patients in Kenya; findings and implications. In: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 11. pp. 1263-1271.
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Prescription patterns and adequacy of blood pressure control among adult hypertensive patients in Kenya; findings and implications. / Mbui, Jennifer M.; Oluka, Margaret N.; Guantai, Eric M.; Sinei, Kipruto A.; Achieng, Loice; Baker, Amanj; Jande, Mary; Massele, Amos; Godman, Brian.

In: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology, Vol. 10, No. 11, 05.09.2017, p. 1263-1271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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