Preliminary empirical models for predicting shrinkage, part geometry and metallurgical aspects of Ti-6Al-4V shaped metal deposition builds

Gustavo Escobar-Palafox, Rosemary Gault, Keith Ridgway

Research output: Contribution to journalConference Contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Shaped Metal Deposition (SMD) is an additive manufacturing process which creates parts layer by layer by weld depositions. In this work, empirical models that predict part geometry (wall thickness and outer diameter) and some metallurgical aspects (i.e. surface texture, portion of finer Widmanstätten microstructure) for the SMD process were developed. The models are based on an orthogonal fractional factorial design of experiments with four factors at two levels. The factors considered were energy level (a relationship between heat source power and the rate of raw material input.), step size, programmed diameter and travel speed. The models were validated using previous builds; the prediction error for part geometry was under 11%. Several relationships between the factors and responses were identified. Current had a significant effect on wall thickness; thickness increases with increasing current. Programmed diameter had a significant effect on percentage of shrinkage; this decreased with increasing component size. Surface finish decreased with decreasing step size and current.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventTrends in Aerospace Manufacturing Conference, TRAM09 - Rotherham , United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Sep 200910 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • additive manufacturing process
  • component size
  • empirical model
  • energy level
  • fractional factorial designs
  • heat sources
  • layer by layer
  • metal deposition
  • outer diameters
  • part geometry
  • prediction errors
  • step size
  • surface finishes
  • surface textures
  • Ti-6al-4v
  • travel speed
  • wall thickness
  • weld deposition
  • design of experiments
  • forecasting
  • geometry
  • manufacture
  • metallurgy
  • shrinkage
  • vanadium

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