Predictors of performance in real and virtual scenarios across age

Mario A. Parra, Rini I. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Virtual reality applications to assist older adult with cognitive and functional decline are fast growing. However, such technological developments face limitations such as due to limited constructs and ecological validity. This study was aimed at investigating age-related changes in functional abilities and their associated cognitive underpinnings during task performance in virtual and real environments. Method: Twenty-two younger adults (university students) and 22 older adults (aged 58–74) performed a multiple errands task twice, once in the “Discoveries” section of the National Museum of Scotland and once in the same room as a virtual environment. Accuracy and distance traveled were measured in both groups. Cognitive and daily living abilities were recorded in older adults using standard and novel questionnaires. Results: The testing environment had a significant effect on how efficient individuals performed the task. Older and younger adults’ performance was alike but older adults relied on more cognitive resources. Older adults struggled in the virtual but not in the real environment. Younger but not older adults could transfer knowledge between environments. Conclusion: The use of technology to assist frail older adults and those affected by dementia is growing rapidly. For these novel tools to be theoretically valid, they need to incorporate knowledge of the challenges they pose to these vulnerable groups. Here we present evidence of such challenges and their cognitive underpinnings. This theory may be considered by future applications aimed at enhancing functional abilities in these populations.

LanguageEnglish
Pages180-198
Number of pages19
JournalExperimental Aging Research
Volume45
Issue number2
Early online date21 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Young Adult
Frail Elderly
Museums
Task Performance and Analysis
Scotland
Dementia
Students
Technology
Scenarios
Predictors
Population

Keywords

  • virtual reality
  • cognitive ageing
  • ecological validity
  • knowledge transfer
  • assistive technology

Cite this

@article{aa6e231d86fd4f1e9be97f44d2432592,
title = "Predictors of performance in real and virtual scenarios across age",
abstract = "Background: Virtual reality applications to assist older adult with cognitive and functional decline are fast growing. However, such technological developments face limitations such as due to limited constructs and ecological validity. This study was aimed at investigating age-related changes in functional abilities and their associated cognitive underpinnings during task performance in virtual and real environments. Method: Twenty-two younger adults (university students) and 22 older adults (aged 58–74) performed a multiple errands task twice, once in the “Discoveries” section of the National Museum of Scotland and once in the same room as a virtual environment. Accuracy and distance traveled were measured in both groups. Cognitive and daily living abilities were recorded in older adults using standard and novel questionnaires. Results: The testing environment had a significant effect on how efficient individuals performed the task. Older and younger adults’ performance was alike but older adults relied on more cognitive resources. Older adults struggled in the virtual but not in the real environment. Younger but not older adults could transfer knowledge between environments. Conclusion: The use of technology to assist frail older adults and those affected by dementia is growing rapidly. For these novel tools to be theoretically valid, they need to incorporate knowledge of the challenges they pose to these vulnerable groups. Here we present evidence of such challenges and their cognitive underpinnings. This theory may be considered by future applications aimed at enhancing functional abilities in these populations.",
keywords = "virtual reality, cognitive ageing, ecological validity, knowledge transfer, assistive technology",
author = "Parra, {Mario A.} and Kaplan, {Rini I.}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586106",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "180--198",
journal = "Experimental Aging Research",
issn = "0361-073X",
number = "2",

}

Predictors of performance in real and virtual scenarios across age. / Parra, Mario A.; Kaplan, Rini I.

In: Experimental Aging Research, Vol. 45, No. 2, 30.03.2019, p. 180-198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of performance in real and virtual scenarios across age

AU - Parra, Mario A.

AU - Kaplan, Rini I.

PY - 2019/3/30

Y1 - 2019/3/30

N2 - Background: Virtual reality applications to assist older adult with cognitive and functional decline are fast growing. However, such technological developments face limitations such as due to limited constructs and ecological validity. This study was aimed at investigating age-related changes in functional abilities and their associated cognitive underpinnings during task performance in virtual and real environments. Method: Twenty-two younger adults (university students) and 22 older adults (aged 58–74) performed a multiple errands task twice, once in the “Discoveries” section of the National Museum of Scotland and once in the same room as a virtual environment. Accuracy and distance traveled were measured in both groups. Cognitive and daily living abilities were recorded in older adults using standard and novel questionnaires. Results: The testing environment had a significant effect on how efficient individuals performed the task. Older and younger adults’ performance was alike but older adults relied on more cognitive resources. Older adults struggled in the virtual but not in the real environment. Younger but not older adults could transfer knowledge between environments. Conclusion: The use of technology to assist frail older adults and those affected by dementia is growing rapidly. For these novel tools to be theoretically valid, they need to incorporate knowledge of the challenges they pose to these vulnerable groups. Here we present evidence of such challenges and their cognitive underpinnings. This theory may be considered by future applications aimed at enhancing functional abilities in these populations.

AB - Background: Virtual reality applications to assist older adult with cognitive and functional decline are fast growing. However, such technological developments face limitations such as due to limited constructs and ecological validity. This study was aimed at investigating age-related changes in functional abilities and their associated cognitive underpinnings during task performance in virtual and real environments. Method: Twenty-two younger adults (university students) and 22 older adults (aged 58–74) performed a multiple errands task twice, once in the “Discoveries” section of the National Museum of Scotland and once in the same room as a virtual environment. Accuracy and distance traveled were measured in both groups. Cognitive and daily living abilities were recorded in older adults using standard and novel questionnaires. Results: The testing environment had a significant effect on how efficient individuals performed the task. Older and younger adults’ performance was alike but older adults relied on more cognitive resources. Older adults struggled in the virtual but not in the real environment. Younger but not older adults could transfer knowledge between environments. Conclusion: The use of technology to assist frail older adults and those affected by dementia is growing rapidly. For these novel tools to be theoretically valid, they need to incorporate knowledge of the challenges they pose to these vulnerable groups. Here we present evidence of such challenges and their cognitive underpinnings. This theory may be considered by future applications aimed at enhancing functional abilities in these populations.

KW - virtual reality

KW - cognitive ageing

KW - ecological validity

KW - knowledge transfer

KW - assistive technology

UR - https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/uear20

U2 - 10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586106

DO - 10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586106

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 180

EP - 198

JO - Experimental Aging Research

T2 - Experimental Aging Research

JF - Experimental Aging Research

SN - 0361-073X

IS - 2

ER -