Predictive maintenance 4.0 for chilled water system at commercial buildings: a methodological framework

Malek Almobarek, Kepa Mendibil, Abdalla Alrashdan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Downloads (Pure)


Predictive maintenance is considered as one of the most important strategies for managing the utility systems of commercial buildings. This research focused on chilled water system (CWS) components and proposed a methodological framework to build a comprehensive predictive maintenance program in line with Industry 4.0/Quality 4.0 (PdM 4.0). This research followed a systematic literature review (SLR) study that addressed two research questions about the mechanism for handling CWS faults, as well as fault prediction methods. This research rectified the associated research gaps found in the SLR study, which were related to three points; namely fault handling, fault frequencies, and fault solutions. A framework was built based on the outcome of an industry survey study and contained three parts: setup, machine learning, and quality control. The first part explained the three arrangements required for preparing the framework. The second part proposed a decision tree (DT) model to predict CWS faults and listed the steps for building and training the model. In this part, two DT algorithms were proposed, C4.5 and CART. The last part, quality control, suggested managerial steps for controlling the maintenance program. The framework was implemented in a university, with encouraging outcomes, as the prediction accuracy of the presented prediction model was more than 98% for each CWS component. The DT model improved the fault prediction by more than 20% in all CWS components when compared to the existing control system at the university.
Original languageEnglish
Article number497
Number of pages20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2023


  • predictive maintenance
  • industry 4.0
  • quality 4.0
  • decision tree algorithm
  • chilled water system


Dive into the research topics of 'Predictive maintenance 4.0 for chilled water system at commercial buildings: a methodological framework'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this