Background People with dementia are extremely vulnerable in hospital and unscheduled admissions should be avoided if possible. Aims To identify any predictors of general hospital admission in people with dementia in a well-characterised national prospective cohort study. Method A cohort of 730 persons with dementia was drawn from the Scottish Dementia Research Interest Register (47.8% female; mean age 76.3 years, s.d. = 8.2, range 50-94), with a mean follow-up period of 1.2 years. Results In the age- and gender-adjusted multivariable model (n = 681; 251 admitted), Neuropsychiatric Inventory score (hazard ratio per s.d. disadvantage 1.21, 95% CI 1.08-1.36) was identified as an independent predictor of admission to hospital. Conclusions Neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia, measured using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, predict non-psychiatric hospital admission of people with dementia. Further studies are merited to test whether interventions to reduce such symptoms might reduce unscheduled admissions to acute hospitals.
- cohort study
- general hospital admission
- neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia