Predicting the effect of hull roughness on ship resistance using a fully turbulent flow channel and CFD

Roberto Ravenna, Ryan Ingham, Soonseok Song, Clifton Johnston, Claire De Marco Muscat-Fenech, Tahsin Tezdogan, Mehmet Atlar, Yigit Kemal Demirel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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The effects of poor hull surface conditions on fuel consumption and emissions are well-known yet not thoroughly understood. Therefore, the present study investigates the effect of widely adopted fouling control coatings and mimicked biofouling on a full-scale representative ship, the KRISO Containership (KCS). Different surfaces were tested in the Fully turbulent Flow Channel (FTFC) of the University of Strathclyde (including a novel hard foul-release coating, commonly used antifouling, barrier resin, soft foul-release coatings, and sandpaper-like surfaces). Then, the corresponding roughness functions developed for the test surfaces were embedded in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations using the modified wall function approach. Interestingly, the numerical predictions on the KCS hull showed that the novel hard foul-release coating tested had better hydrodynamic performance than the smooth case (maximum 3.6% decrease in the effective power requirements). Eventually, the present study confirmed the practicality of the FTFC used in combination with CFD-based studies to predict the effects of hull roughness on ship resistance and powering.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Meeting Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationShip Design & Optimization and Energy Efficient Devices for Fuel Economy
Place of PublicationIstanbul
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2022


  • fully turbulent flow channel
  • roughness functions
  • ship resistance
  • marine coatings
  • computational fluid dynamics (CFD)


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