Precision molecular spectroscopy for ground state transfer of molecular quantum gases

Johann G. Danzl, Manfred J. Mark, Elmar Haller, Mattias Gustavsson, Nadia Bouloufa, Olivier Dulieu, Helmut Ritsch, Russell Hart, Hanns-Christoph Nägerl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


One possibility for the creation of ultracold, high phase space density quantum gases of molecules in the rovibronic ground state relies on first associating weakly-bound molecules from quantum-degenerate atomic gases on a Feshbach resonance and then transferring the molecules via several steps of coherent two-photon stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP) into the rovibronic ground state. Here, in ultracold samples of Cs(2) Feshbach molecules produced out of ultracold samples of Cs atoms, we observe several optical transitions to deeply-bound rovibrational levels of the excited 0(u)(+) molecular potentials with high resolution. At least one of these transitions, although rather weak, allows efficient STIRAP transfer into the deeply-bound vibrational level vertical bar v = 73> of the singlet X(1)Sigma(+)(g) ground state potential, as recently demonstrated (J. G. Danzl, E. Haller, M. Gustavsson, M. J. Mark, R. Hart, N. Bouloufa, O. Dulieu, H. Ritsch, and II.-C. Nagerl, Science, 2008, 321, 1062). From this level, the rovibrational ground state vertical bar v = 0, J = 0> can be reached with one more transfer step. In total, our results show that coherent ground state transfer for Cs2 is possible using a maximum of two successive two-photon STIRAP processes or one single four-photon STIRAP process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-295
Number of pages13
JournalFaraday Discussions
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2009


  • rovibronic ground state
  • ultracold molecules
  • atomic gases


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