Power oscillation damping using wind turbines with energy storage systems

Guoyi Xu, Lie Xu, D John Morrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wind turbines are increasingly being expected to provide oscillation damping to the power system to which they are connected. In this study, power oscillation damping control of variable speed wind turbines is studied. An energy storage device with a bidirectional DC/DC converter connected to the DC link of a fully rated converter-based wind turbine is proposed. As system oscillation is often induced by an AC fault, it is desirable for wind turbines to ride through the fault first and then provide a damping effect. During the fault period, the energy storage system (ESS) is controlled to assist the fault ride through process, and the line side converter (LSC) is controlled to provide AC voltage support in accordance with the grid code. Methods based on regulating the active power output of the ESS and modulation of reactive power output of the LSC are proposed so as to damp the oscillations of the power system. Matlab/Simulink simulations based on a simplified Irish power system demonstrate the performance of the ESS and LSC during fault periods and validate the damping effect of the proposed system.
LanguageEnglish
Pages449-457
Number of pages9
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2013

Fingerprint

Wind turbines
Energy storage
Damping
DC-DC converters
Reactive power
Modulation
Electric potential

Keywords

  • wind turbines
  • DC-DC power convertors
  • energy storage
  • power generation faults
  • power system stability
  • reactive power control
  • wind turbines
  • energy storage systems
  • power oscillation damping

Cite this

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title = "Power oscillation damping using wind turbines with energy storage systems",
abstract = "Wind turbines are increasingly being expected to provide oscillation damping to the power system to which they are connected. In this study, power oscillation damping control of variable speed wind turbines is studied. An energy storage device with a bidirectional DC/DC converter connected to the DC link of a fully rated converter-based wind turbine is proposed. As system oscillation is often induced by an AC fault, it is desirable for wind turbines to ride through the fault first and then provide a damping effect. During the fault period, the energy storage system (ESS) is controlled to assist the fault ride through process, and the line side converter (LSC) is controlled to provide AC voltage support in accordance with the grid code. Methods based on regulating the active power output of the ESS and modulation of reactive power output of the LSC are proposed so as to damp the oscillations of the power system. Matlab/Simulink simulations based on a simplified Irish power system demonstrate the performance of the ESS and LSC during fault periods and validate the damping effect of the proposed system.",
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Power oscillation damping using wind turbines with energy storage systems. / Xu, Guoyi; Xu, Lie; Morrow, D John.

In: IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 7, No. 5, 26.08.2013, p. 449-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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KW - wind turbines

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KW - power system stability

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