Potentiation of E-4031-induced torsade de pointes by HMR1556 or ATX-II is not predicted by action potential short-term variability or triangulation

K.A. Kane, G. Michael, J. Dempster, S.J. Coker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Torsade de pointes (TdP) can be induced by a reduction in cardiac repolarizing capacity. The aim of this study was to assess whether I Ks blockade or enhancement of I Na could potentiate TdP induced by I Kr blockade and to investigate whether short-term variability (STV) or triangulation of action potentials preceded TdP. HMR1556 alone did not cause TdP but increased E-4031-induced TdP from 25 to 80%. ATX-II alone caused TdP in 38% of rabbits, as did E-4031; 75% of rabbits receiving both drugs had TdP. QT intervals were prolonged by all drugs but the extent of QT prolongation was not related to the occurrence of TdP. No changes in STV were detected and triangulation was only increased after TdP occurred. Giving modulators of ion channels in combination substantially increased TdP but, in this model, neither STV nor triangulation of action potentials could predict TdP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1227
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • ATX-II
  • E-4031
  • HMR1556
  • channel blockers
  • proarrhythmia
  • repolarization reserve
  • torsade de pointes
  • cardiac repolarizing capacity
  • pharmacology
  • biomedical sciences

Cite this