Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design

Bernd Dachwald, Volodymyr Baturkin, Victoria L. Coverstone, Benjamin Diedrich, Gregory P. Garbe, Marianne Gorlich, Manfred Leipold, Franz Lura, Malcolm Macdonald, Colin R. McInnes, Giovanni Mengali, Alessandro A. Quarta, Leonel Rios-Reyes, Daniel J. Scheeres, Wolfgang Sebolt, Bong Wie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The optical properties of the thin metalized polymer films that are projected for solar sails are assumed to be affected by the erosive effects of the space environment. Their degradation behavior in the real space environment, however, is to a considerable degree indefinite, because initial ground test results are controversial and relevant inspace tests have not been made so far. The standard optical solar sail models that are currently used for trajectory design do not take optical degradation into account, hence its potential effects on trajectory design have not been investigated so far. Nevertheless, optical degradation is important for high-fidelity solar sail mission design, because it decreases both the magnitude of the solar radiation pressure force acting on the sail and also the sail control authority. Therefore, we propose a simple parametric optical solar sail degradation model that describes the variation of the sail film's optical coefficients with time, depending on the sail film's environmental history, i.e., the radiation dose. The primary intention of our model is not to describe the exact behavior of specific film-coating combinations in the real space environment, but to provide a more general parametric framework for describing the general optical degradation behavior of solar sails. Using our model, the effects of different optical degradation behaviors on trajectory design are investigated for various exemplary missions.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference
Pages2569-2592
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Trajectories
Degradation
Solar sails
Optical films
Solar radiation
Polymer films
Dosimetry
Optical properties
Thin films
Coatings

Keywords

  • solar sails
  • guidance systems
  • space travel
  • spacecraft
  • trajectory design

Cite this

Dachwald, B., Baturkin, V., Coverstone, V. L., Diedrich, B., Garbe, G. P., Gorlich, M., ... Wie, B. (2005). Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design. In Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference (pp. 2569-2592)
Dachwald, Bernd ; Baturkin, Volodymyr ; Coverstone, Victoria L. ; Diedrich, Benjamin ; Garbe, Gregory P. ; Gorlich, Marianne ; Leipold, Manfred ; Lura, Franz ; Macdonald, Malcolm ; McInnes, Colin R. ; Mengali, Giovanni ; Quarta, Alessandro A. ; Rios-Reyes, Leonel ; Scheeres, Daniel J. ; Sebolt, Wolfgang ; Wie, Bong. / Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design. Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. 2005. pp. 2569-2592
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title = "Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design",
abstract = "The optical properties of the thin metalized polymer films that are projected for solar sails are assumed to be affected by the erosive effects of the space environment. Their degradation behavior in the real space environment, however, is to a considerable degree indefinite, because initial ground test results are controversial and relevant inspace tests have not been made so far. The standard optical solar sail models that are currently used for trajectory design do not take optical degradation into account, hence its potential effects on trajectory design have not been investigated so far. Nevertheless, optical degradation is important for high-fidelity solar sail mission design, because it decreases both the magnitude of the solar radiation pressure force acting on the sail and also the sail control authority. Therefore, we propose a simple parametric optical solar sail degradation model that describes the variation of the sail film's optical coefficients with time, depending on the sail film's environmental history, i.e., the radiation dose. The primary intention of our model is not to describe the exact behavior of specific film-coating combinations in the real space environment, but to provide a more general parametric framework for describing the general optical degradation behavior of solar sails. Using our model, the effects of different optical degradation behaviors on trajectory design are investigated for various exemplary missions.",
keywords = "solar sails, guidance systems, space travel, spacecraft, trajectory design",
author = "Bernd Dachwald and Volodymyr Baturkin and Coverstone, {Victoria L.} and Benjamin Diedrich and Garbe, {Gregory P.} and Marianne Gorlich and Manfred Leipold and Franz Lura and Malcolm Macdonald and McInnes, {Colin R.} and Giovanni Mengali and Quarta, {Alessandro A.} and Leonel Rios-Reyes and Scheeres, {Daniel J.} and Wolfgang Sebolt and Bong Wie",
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Dachwald, B, Baturkin, V, Coverstone, VL, Diedrich, B, Garbe, GP, Gorlich, M, Leipold, M, Lura, F, Macdonald, M, McInnes, CR, Mengali, G, Quarta, AA, Rios-Reyes, L, Scheeres, DJ, Sebolt, W & Wie, B 2005, Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design. in Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. pp. 2569-2592.

Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design. / Dachwald, Bernd; Baturkin, Volodymyr; Coverstone, Victoria L.; Diedrich, Benjamin; Garbe, Gregory P.; Gorlich, Marianne; Leipold, Manfred; Lura, Franz; Macdonald, Malcolm; McInnes, Colin R.; Mengali, Giovanni; Quarta, Alessandro A.; Rios-Reyes, Leonel; Scheeres, Daniel J.; Sebolt, Wolfgang ; Wie, Bong.

Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. 2005. p. 2569-2592.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design

AU - Dachwald, Bernd

AU - Baturkin, Volodymyr

AU - Coverstone, Victoria L.

AU - Diedrich, Benjamin

AU - Garbe, Gregory P.

AU - Gorlich, Marianne

AU - Leipold, Manfred

AU - Lura, Franz

AU - Macdonald, Malcolm

AU - McInnes, Colin R.

AU - Mengali, Giovanni

AU - Quarta, Alessandro A.

AU - Rios-Reyes, Leonel

AU - Scheeres, Daniel J.

AU - Sebolt, Wolfgang

AU - Wie, Bong

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - The optical properties of the thin metalized polymer films that are projected for solar sails are assumed to be affected by the erosive effects of the space environment. Their degradation behavior in the real space environment, however, is to a considerable degree indefinite, because initial ground test results are controversial and relevant inspace tests have not been made so far. The standard optical solar sail models that are currently used for trajectory design do not take optical degradation into account, hence its potential effects on trajectory design have not been investigated so far. Nevertheless, optical degradation is important for high-fidelity solar sail mission design, because it decreases both the magnitude of the solar radiation pressure force acting on the sail and also the sail control authority. Therefore, we propose a simple parametric optical solar sail degradation model that describes the variation of the sail film's optical coefficients with time, depending on the sail film's environmental history, i.e., the radiation dose. The primary intention of our model is not to describe the exact behavior of specific film-coating combinations in the real space environment, but to provide a more general parametric framework for describing the general optical degradation behavior of solar sails. Using our model, the effects of different optical degradation behaviors on trajectory design are investigated for various exemplary missions.

AB - The optical properties of the thin metalized polymer films that are projected for solar sails are assumed to be affected by the erosive effects of the space environment. Their degradation behavior in the real space environment, however, is to a considerable degree indefinite, because initial ground test results are controversial and relevant inspace tests have not been made so far. The standard optical solar sail models that are currently used for trajectory design do not take optical degradation into account, hence its potential effects on trajectory design have not been investigated so far. Nevertheless, optical degradation is important for high-fidelity solar sail mission design, because it decreases both the magnitude of the solar radiation pressure force acting on the sail and also the sail control authority. Therefore, we propose a simple parametric optical solar sail degradation model that describes the variation of the sail film's optical coefficients with time, depending on the sail film's environmental history, i.e., the radiation dose. The primary intention of our model is not to describe the exact behavior of specific film-coating combinations in the real space environment, but to provide a more general parametric framework for describing the general optical degradation behavior of solar sails. Using our model, the effects of different optical degradation behaviors on trajectory design are investigated for various exemplary missions.

KW - solar sails

KW - guidance systems

KW - space travel

KW - spacecraft

KW - trajectory design

UR - http://www.space-flight.org/AAS_meetings/2005_astro/2005_astro.html

M3 - Chapter

SP - 2569

EP - 2592

BT - Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference

ER -

Dachwald B, Baturkin V, Coverstone VL, Diedrich B, Garbe GP, Gorlich M et al. Potential effects of optical solar sail degredation on trajectory design. In Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. 2005. p. 2569-2592