Population, employment and labour force projections

David N. F. Bell, Frank X. Kirwan

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    The population of Scotland evolves over time under the combined influence of births, deaths and migration. Given appropriate assumptions about these three factors, population forecasts may be generated and analysed. Such forecasts are published annually in Scotland by the Office of the Registrar General. (1976a). These forecasts may be converted into an estimate of labour supply by scaling by the participation rates of the various age-sex groups. Such estimates are published from time to time in the Department of Employment Gazette (see for example pp 1258-63 December 1975). Occasionally an attempt is made to
    identify sectors in which the increased labour supply might be absorbed, (e.g. Department of Employment Gazette, July 1975) Heretofore, these three macro-aggregates have been forecast and analysed in isolation. However, it is the aim of this study to draw these forecasts together in order to present a possible outline of the Scottish labour market in mid 1981, and to explore the sensitivity of the resulting projections to alternative migration assumptions. The paper consists of three parts:- 1 Population projections; 2 Labour force projections; 3 Employment projections; and a summary which assesses the outlook for the Scottish labour
    market in 1981 on the basis of these projections.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)38-54
    Number of pages17
    JournalQuarterly Economic Commentary
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 1977


    • labour force projections
    • Scottish labour market trends
    • unemployment patterns
    • emigration rates
    • migration analysis
    • population change
    • Scottish economy


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