Polysilicon interdigitated electrodes as impedimetric sensors

Roberto De La Rica, Cesar Fernandez-Sanchez, Antonio Baldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The suitability of polysilicon as a material for the fabrication of interdigitated electrodes and their application to the development of sensors is studied in this work. The main interest in using this material lies in the possibility of obtaining integrated sensors with commercial CMOS technologies and simple post-processing steps. Electrodes with 3 mu m finger width and 3, 10, and 20 mu m spacing were fabricated and characterised. Conductivity measurements in the range from 4 to 50 mu S/cm yielded a linear response with cell constants of 0.0416 cm(-1), 0.155 cm(-1) and 0.33 cm(-1), respectively. Permittivity measurements in the range from epsilon(r) = 80.1 to epsilon(r) = 1.89 yielded a linear response and similar cell constants. The possibility to functionalise both the electrode fingers and the space in between them using a single silanisation process is an interesting advantage of polysilicon electrodes. An urease-based biosensor was obtained with this procedure and characterisation results are reported.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1239-1244
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Polysilicon
Electrodes
electrodes
sensors
Sensors
Permittivity measurement
Urease
cells
bioinstrumentation
Biosensors
CMOS
spacing
permittivity
Fabrication
conductivity
fabrication
Processing

Keywords

  • interdigitated electrodes
  • impedimetric sensors
  • polysilicon
  • conductometric sensor
  • biosensor
  • impedimetric sensor

Cite this

De La Rica, Roberto ; Fernandez-Sanchez, Cesar ; Baldi, Antonio. / Polysilicon interdigitated electrodes as impedimetric sensors. In: Electrochemistry Communications. 2006 ; Vol. 8, No. 8. pp. 1239-1244.
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Polysilicon interdigitated electrodes as impedimetric sensors. / De La Rica, Roberto; Fernandez-Sanchez, Cesar; Baldi, Antonio.

In: Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 8, No. 8, 08.2006, p. 1239-1244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The suitability of polysilicon as a material for the fabrication of interdigitated electrodes and their application to the development of sensors is studied in this work. The main interest in using this material lies in the possibility of obtaining integrated sensors with commercial CMOS technologies and simple post-processing steps. Electrodes with 3 mu m finger width and 3, 10, and 20 mu m spacing were fabricated and characterised. Conductivity measurements in the range from 4 to 50 mu S/cm yielded a linear response with cell constants of 0.0416 cm(-1), 0.155 cm(-1) and 0.33 cm(-1), respectively. Permittivity measurements in the range from epsilon(r) = 80.1 to epsilon(r) = 1.89 yielded a linear response and similar cell constants. The possibility to functionalise both the electrode fingers and the space in between them using a single silanisation process is an interesting advantage of polysilicon electrodes. An urease-based biosensor was obtained with this procedure and characterisation results are reported.

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