Polarization shaping for control of nonlinear propagation

Frederic Bouchard, Hugo Larocque, Alison M. Yao, Christopher Travis, Israel De Leon, Andrea Rubano, Ebrahim Karimi, Gian-Luca Oppo, Robert W. Boyd

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the nonlinear optical propagation of two different classes of{light beams with space varying polarization -- radially symmetric vector beams and Poincar\'e beams with lemon and star topologies -- in a rubidium vapour cell. Unlike Laguerre-Gauss and other types of beams that quickly experience instabilities, we observe that their propagation is not marked by beam breakup while still exhibiting traits such as nonlinear confinement and self-focusing. Our results suggest that by tailoring the spatial structure of the polarization, the effects of nonlinear propagation can be effectively controlled. These findings provide a novel approach to transport high-power light beams in nonlinear media with controllable distortions to their spatial structure and polarization properties.
LanguageEnglish
Article number233903
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume117
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2016

Fingerprint

Polarization
propagation
polarization
light beams
Rubidium
Light propagation
self focusing
rubidium
Stars
topology
Vapors
Topology
vapors
stars
cells

Keywords

  • polarization
  • nonlinear propagation
  • high-power light beam
  • light beams

Cite this

Bouchard, F., Larocque, H., Yao, A. M., Travis, C., De Leon, I., Rubano, A., ... Boyd, R. W. (2016). Polarization shaping for control of nonlinear propagation. Physical Review Letters, 117(23), [233903]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.233903
Bouchard, Frederic ; Larocque, Hugo ; Yao, Alison M. ; Travis, Christopher ; De Leon, Israel ; Rubano, Andrea ; Karimi, Ebrahim ; Oppo, Gian-Luca ; Boyd, Robert W. / Polarization shaping for control of nonlinear propagation. In: Physical Review Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 117, No. 23.
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Bouchard, F, Larocque, H, Yao, AM, Travis, C, De Leon, I, Rubano, A, Karimi, E, Oppo, G-L & Boyd, RW 2016, 'Polarization shaping for control of nonlinear propagation' Physical Review Letters, vol. 117, no. 23, 233903. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.233903

Polarization shaping for control of nonlinear propagation. / Bouchard, Frederic; Larocque, Hugo; Yao, Alison M.; Travis, Christopher; De Leon, Israel; Rubano, Andrea; Karimi, Ebrahim; Oppo, Gian-Luca; Boyd, Robert W.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 117, No. 23, 233903, 02.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polarization shaping for control of nonlinear propagation

AU - Bouchard, Frederic

AU - Larocque, Hugo

AU - Yao, Alison M.

AU - Travis, Christopher

AU - De Leon, Israel

AU - Rubano, Andrea

AU - Karimi, Ebrahim

AU - Oppo, Gian-Luca

AU - Boyd, Robert W.

PY - 2016/12/2

Y1 - 2016/12/2

N2 - We study the nonlinear optical propagation of two different classes of{light beams with space varying polarization -- radially symmetric vector beams and Poincar\'e beams with lemon and star topologies -- in a rubidium vapour cell. Unlike Laguerre-Gauss and other types of beams that quickly experience instabilities, we observe that their propagation is not marked by beam breakup while still exhibiting traits such as nonlinear confinement and self-focusing. Our results suggest that by tailoring the spatial structure of the polarization, the effects of nonlinear propagation can be effectively controlled. These findings provide a novel approach to transport high-power light beams in nonlinear media with controllable distortions to their spatial structure and polarization properties.

AB - We study the nonlinear optical propagation of two different classes of{light beams with space varying polarization -- radially symmetric vector beams and Poincar\'e beams with lemon and star topologies -- in a rubidium vapour cell. Unlike Laguerre-Gauss and other types of beams that quickly experience instabilities, we observe that their propagation is not marked by beam breakup while still exhibiting traits such as nonlinear confinement and self-focusing. Our results suggest that by tailoring the spatial structure of the polarization, the effects of nonlinear propagation can be effectively controlled. These findings provide a novel approach to transport high-power light beams in nonlinear media with controllable distortions to their spatial structure and polarization properties.

KW - polarization

KW - nonlinear propagation

KW - high-power light beam

KW - light beams

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UR - https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.233903

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.233903

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.233903

M3 - Letter

VL - 117

JO - Physical Review Letters

T2 - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

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