The Ti3+ ion in YAlO3 (YAP), Y3Al5O12 (YAG), and Al2O3 crystals occupies distorted octahedral sites relative to the nearest neighbour ligand ions. Such distortions are of even-parity in YAG where the zero-phonon lines in emission occur via magnetic dipole transitions. In contrast, the zero-phonon transitions occur by electric dipole processes in Ti3+:YAP and Ti3+:Al2O3 where there are odd-parity distortions from octahedral symmetry. This paper reports measurements of the zero-phonon lines of Ti3+ ions in YAP, YAG, and Al2O3 at 10 K. The zero-phonon lines of Ti3+:YAP are strongly polarized perpendicular to the tetragonal axis and those of Ti3+:Al2O3 parallel to the trigonal axis. The experimental results are shown to be in accord with a molecular orbital model of the radiative transition according to which the transition intensities derive from odd-parity ligand wavefunctions induced into even-parity ground and excited Ti3+ wavefunctions by odd-parity crystal distortions.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Applied Physics B Photophysics and Laser Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 1991|
- crystal distortions
- emission spectra