Polarization modulation instability in a nonlinear fiber Kerr resonator

Julien Fatome, Bertrand Kibler, Francois Leo, Abdelkrim Bendahmane, Gian-Luca Oppo, Bruno Garbin, Stuart G. Murdoch, Miro Erkintalo, Stephane Coen

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Abstract

We report on the experimental and numerical observation of polarization modulation instability (PMI) in a nonlinear fiber Kerr resonator. This phenomenon is phased-matched through the relative phase detuning between the intracav- ity fields associated with the two principal polarization modes of the cavity. Our experimental investigation is based on a 12 m long fiber ring resonator in which a polari- zation controller is inserted to finely control the level of intracavity birefringence. Depending on the amount of birefringence, the temporal patterns generated via PMI are found to be either stationary or to exhibit a period-doubled dynamics. The experimental results are in good agreement with numerical simulations based on an Ikeda map for the two orthogonally polarized modes. This Letter provides new insights into the control of modulation instability in multimode Kerr resonators.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5069-5072
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Volume45
Issue number18
Early online date4 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • modulation instability
  • intra-cavity birefringence
  • Kerr resonators

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