Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we report on an experimental investigation of the bistability found in 1550 nm multitransverse-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection. The VCSEL emits in two transverse modes that are linearly polarized in a direction referred as parallel. We study the dependence of the bistable behaviour on the detuning between the frequency of the externally injected signal and the frequency of the subsidiary orthogonal linear polarization of the fundamental mode of the VCSEL. Different qualitative behaviors of the power of each polarized transverse mode versus the optically injected power appear depending on the value of the frequency detuning. Bistable regions are very narrow for positive and small negative values of the frequency detuning. However very wide hysteresis cycles are obtained for large and negative values of the frequency detuning. Bistability is found for both the fundamental and the high-order transverse mode. The shape of the hysteresis cycle depends on the transverse mode under consideration. The power of the parallel polarized fundamental transverse mode decreases gradually as the injected power is increased. However the behaviour of the parallel polarized high-order transverse mode is different because its power remains constant as the optical injected power is increased until it suddenly drops to low levels. This kind of behaviour is of interest for obtaining good quality all-optical inversion and all-optical regeneration.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationSemiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV
Volume7720
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2010
EventSemiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV - Brussels, United Kingdom
Duration: 12 Apr 201016 Apr 2010

Conference

ConferenceSemiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBrussels
Period12/04/1016/04/10

Fingerprint

Optical Injection
Vertical-cavity Surface-emitting Laser (VCSEL)
Bistability
Surface emitting lasers
Laser modes
Transverse
Polarization
Wavelength
injection
Hysteresis
polarization
wavelengths
Higher Order
Cycle
Qualitative Behavior
hysteresis
Regeneration
Experimental Investigation
cycles
subsidiaries

Keywords

  • bistable semiconductor lasers
  • injection locking
  • optical bistability
  • polarization switching
  • transverse modes
  • vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL)

Cite this

Quirce, A., Cuesta, J. R., Valle, A., Hurtado, A., Pesquera, L., & Adams, M. J. (2010). Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV (Vol. 7720). [77201V] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.854250
Quirce, A. ; Cuesta, J. R. ; Valle, A. ; Hurtado, A. ; Pesquera, L. ; Adams, M. J. / Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV. Vol. 7720 2010.
@inproceedings{2fc014770aeb4981ac76565b3c091628,
title = "Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection",
abstract = "In this work we report on an experimental investigation of the bistability found in 1550 nm multitransverse-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection. The VCSEL emits in two transverse modes that are linearly polarized in a direction referred as parallel. We study the dependence of the bistable behaviour on the detuning between the frequency of the externally injected signal and the frequency of the subsidiary orthogonal linear polarization of the fundamental mode of the VCSEL. Different qualitative behaviors of the power of each polarized transverse mode versus the optically injected power appear depending on the value of the frequency detuning. Bistable regions are very narrow for positive and small negative values of the frequency detuning. However very wide hysteresis cycles are obtained for large and negative values of the frequency detuning. Bistability is found for both the fundamental and the high-order transverse mode. The shape of the hysteresis cycle depends on the transverse mode under consideration. The power of the parallel polarized fundamental transverse mode decreases gradually as the injected power is increased. However the behaviour of the parallel polarized high-order transverse mode is different because its power remains constant as the optical injected power is increased until it suddenly drops to low levels. This kind of behaviour is of interest for obtaining good quality all-optical inversion and all-optical regeneration.",
keywords = "bistable semiconductor lasers, injection locking, optical bistability, polarization switching, transverse modes, vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL)",
author = "A. Quirce and Cuesta, {J. R.} and A. Valle and A. Hurtado and L. Pesquera and Adams, {M. J.}",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1117/12.854250",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780819481931",
volume = "7720",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",

}

Quirce, A, Cuesta, JR, Valle, A, Hurtado, A, Pesquera, L & Adams, MJ 2010, Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV. vol. 7720, 77201V, Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV, Brussels, United Kingdom, 12/04/10. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.854250

Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection. / Quirce, A.; Cuesta, J. R.; Valle, A.; Hurtado, A.; Pesquera, L.; Adams, M. J.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV. Vol. 7720 2010. 77201V.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection

AU - Quirce, A.

AU - Cuesta, J. R.

AU - Valle, A.

AU - Hurtado, A.

AU - Pesquera, L.

AU - Adams, M. J.

PY - 2010/10/19

Y1 - 2010/10/19

N2 - In this work we report on an experimental investigation of the bistability found in 1550 nm multitransverse-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection. The VCSEL emits in two transverse modes that are linearly polarized in a direction referred as parallel. We study the dependence of the bistable behaviour on the detuning between the frequency of the externally injected signal and the frequency of the subsidiary orthogonal linear polarization of the fundamental mode of the VCSEL. Different qualitative behaviors of the power of each polarized transverse mode versus the optically injected power appear depending on the value of the frequency detuning. Bistable regions are very narrow for positive and small negative values of the frequency detuning. However very wide hysteresis cycles are obtained for large and negative values of the frequency detuning. Bistability is found for both the fundamental and the high-order transverse mode. The shape of the hysteresis cycle depends on the transverse mode under consideration. The power of the parallel polarized fundamental transverse mode decreases gradually as the injected power is increased. However the behaviour of the parallel polarized high-order transverse mode is different because its power remains constant as the optical injected power is increased until it suddenly drops to low levels. This kind of behaviour is of interest for obtaining good quality all-optical inversion and all-optical regeneration.

AB - In this work we report on an experimental investigation of the bistability found in 1550 nm multitransverse-mode VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection. The VCSEL emits in two transverse modes that are linearly polarized in a direction referred as parallel. We study the dependence of the bistable behaviour on the detuning between the frequency of the externally injected signal and the frequency of the subsidiary orthogonal linear polarization of the fundamental mode of the VCSEL. Different qualitative behaviors of the power of each polarized transverse mode versus the optically injected power appear depending on the value of the frequency detuning. Bistable regions are very narrow for positive and small negative values of the frequency detuning. However very wide hysteresis cycles are obtained for large and negative values of the frequency detuning. Bistability is found for both the fundamental and the high-order transverse mode. The shape of the hysteresis cycle depends on the transverse mode under consideration. The power of the parallel polarized fundamental transverse mode decreases gradually as the injected power is increased. However the behaviour of the parallel polarized high-order transverse mode is different because its power remains constant as the optical injected power is increased until it suddenly drops to low levels. This kind of behaviour is of interest for obtaining good quality all-optical inversion and all-optical regeneration.

KW - bistable semiconductor lasers

KW - injection locking

KW - optical bistability

KW - polarization switching

KW - transverse modes

KW - vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957858000&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.854250

DO - 10.1117/12.854250

M3 - Conference contribution book

SN - 9780819481931

VL - 7720

BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

ER -

Quirce A, Cuesta JR, Valle A, Hurtado A, Pesquera L, Adams MJ. Polarization bistability in long-wavelength multitransverse-mode VCSELs induced by orthogonal optical injection. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics IV. Vol. 7720. 2010. 77201V https://doi.org/10.1117/12.854250