Point prevalence surveys of health care associated infections: a systematic review

Zikria Saleem, Brian Godman, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Furqan Khurshid Hashmi, Faiza Azhar, Inayat Ur Rehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are considered as a serious public health issues that contribute substantially to the global burden of mortality and morbidity with respect to infectious diseases. The aim is to assess the burden of healthcare associated infections by collation of available data from published point prevalence surveys (PPS) on HAIs to give future guidance. Study protocol and methodology was designed according to preferred reporting items for systematic reviewsand meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Published research papers that conducted point prevalence survey of HAIs in hospital settings by following the structured survey methodology employed by European Centre of Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) were included. Of 1212 articles, 67 studies were included in the final analysis conducted across different countries. Overall, 35 studies were conducted in Europe, 21 in Asia, 9 in America, and 2 in Africa. The highest prevalence of HAIs was recorded in a study conducted in adult ICU settings of 75 regions of Europe (51.3%). The majority of the studies included HAI data on urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections and bloodstream infections. Klebseilla pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and E. coli were the most frequent pathogens responsible for HAIs. PPS is useful tool to quantify HAIs and provides a robust baseline data for policy makers. However, a standardize surveillance method is required. In order to minimize the burden of HAIs, infection prevention and control programs and antibiotic stewardship may be effective strategies to minimize risk of HAIs.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalPathogens and Global Health
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 7 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Cross Infection
Surveys and Questionnaires
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Infection Control
Administrative Personnel
Urinary Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Communicable Diseases
Meta-Analysis
Pneumonia
Public Health
Guidelines
Escherichia coli
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Morbidity
Mortality

Keywords

  • point prevalence surveys
  • healthcare associated infections
  • hospitals
  • infection presentation and control

Cite this

Saleem, Z., Godman, B., Hassali, M. A., Hashmi, F. K., Azhar, F., & Ur Rehman, I. (Accepted/In press). Point prevalence surveys of health care associated infections: a systematic review..
Saleem, Zikria ; Godman, Brian ; Hassali, Mohamed Azmi ; Hashmi, Furqan Khurshid ; Azhar, Faiza ; Ur Rehman, Inayat . / Point prevalence surveys of health care associated infections : a systematic review. 2019.
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Saleem, Z, Godman, B, Hassali, MA, Hashmi, FK, Azhar, F & Ur Rehman, I 2019, 'Point prevalence surveys of health care associated infections: a systematic review'.

Point prevalence surveys of health care associated infections : a systematic review. / Saleem, Zikria ; Godman, Brian; Hassali, Mohamed Azmi; Hashmi, Furqan Khurshid ; Azhar, Faiza ; Ur Rehman, Inayat .

07.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Saleem Z, Godman B, Hassali MA, Hashmi FK, Azhar F, Ur Rehman I. Point prevalence surveys of health care associated infections: a systematic review. 2019 Jun 7.