There is considerable interest in the propagation dynamics of intense electron and photon neutrino beams in a background dispersive medium such as dense plasmas, particularly in the search for a mechanism to explain the dynamics of type II supernovae. Neutrino interactions with matter are usually considered as single particle interactions. All the single particle mechanisms describing the dynamical properties of neutrino's in matter are analogous with the processes involving single electron interactions with a medium such as Compton scattering, and Cerenkov radiation etc. However, it is well known that beams of electrons moving through a plasma give rise to a new class of processes known as collective interactions such as two stream instabilities which result in either the absorption or generation of plasma waves. Intense photon beams also drive collective interactions such as modulational type instabilities. In both cases relativistic electron beams of electrons and photon beams can drive plasma wakefields in plasmas. Employing the relativistic kinetic equations for neutrinos interacting with dense plasmas via the weak force we explore collective plasma streaming instabilities driven by Neutrino electron and photon beams and demonstrate that all three types of particles can drive wakefields.
- plasma wakes
- electron beams