Plasma plume influence on laser pulse evolution in capillary discharge waveguides

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Abstract

Gas-filled capillary discharge waveguide is an useful medium for investigating high-power laser-plasma interactions over extended lengths because guiding can increase the interaction length to many Rayleigh lengths. The role of the gas plasma plume at the entrance of a CDW in increasing the laser intensity is under investigation. Experimentally have been performed different measurements of the plasma density profiles in the region adjacent to exit plane of capillary. Simulations of laser pulse evolution in this region, employing simulation codes and analytical functions, show that relativistic self-focusing may lead to an increase of the pulse intensity compared to the case without the plume. Measurements show that the on-axis plasma density over this region is close to that inside the waveguide (~1018 cm-3). Here the laser beam converges to the smallest focal spot and relativistic self-focusing leads to an increase in the laser intensity. If injection is guaranteed to occur early, the required length would only be of the order of 3-8 mm for our parameters, with important advantages of a lower discharge voltages for gas breakdown, and an easier alignment of laser beam © (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE
Subtitle of host publicationLaser Acceleration of Electrons, Protons, and Ions II; and Medical Applications of Laser-Generated Beams of Particles II; and Harnessing Relativistic Plasma Waves III
EditorsEric Esarey, Carl B. Schroeder, Wim P. Leemans, Kenneth W. D. Ledingham, Dino A. Jaroszynski
Place of PublicationBellingham
Volume8779
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Keywords

  • laser pulse evolution
  • plasma plume influence
  • capillary discharge waveguides

Cite this

Ciocarlan, C., Wiggins, M., Abu-Azoum, S. S., & Jaroszynski, D. (2013). Plasma plume influence on laser pulse evolution in capillary discharge waveguides. In E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, W. P. Leemans, K. W. D. Ledingham, & D. A. Jaroszynski (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE: Laser Acceleration of Electrons, Protons, and Ions II; and Medical Applications of Laser-Generated Beams of Particles II; and Harnessing Relativistic Plasma Waves III (Vol. 8779). Bellingham. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2017442