Physiologically-indexed and self-perceived affective empathy in conduct-disordered children high and low on callous-unemotional traits

X. Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, D.A. Warden

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    78 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Heart rate (HR) was employed to compare vicarious affective arousal across three groups of children (aged 7.6 - 11, N = 95): Conduct Disordered (CD) elevated on Callous-Unemotional traits (CD/CU), CD low on CU traits (CD-only), and 'typically-developing' controls, matched in age, gender and socioeconomic background. While watching an emotion evocative film, participants-HR was monitored. Immediately after viewing, self-reported vicarious responses were obtained. Participants also completed the Bryant Empathy Index. CD/CU children displayed lower magnitude of HR change than both CD-only and controls. Both CD groups reported fewer vicarious responses and scored lower than controls on the empathy index. These results support distinct deficits across CD subsets, suggestive of distinct mechanisms underlying their antisocial conduct.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)503-517
    Number of pages14
    JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
    Volume39
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

    Keywords

    • callous-unemotional traits
    • conduct disorder
    • affective empathy
    • psychopathy

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