Physiologically-indexed and self-perceived affective empathy in conduct-disordered children high and low on callous-unemotional traits

X. Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, D.A. Warden

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    70 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Heart rate (HR) was employed to compare vicarious affective arousal across three groups of children (aged 7.6 - 11, N = 95): Conduct Disordered (CD) elevated on Callous-Unemotional traits (CD/CU), CD low on CU traits (CD-only), and 'typically-developing' controls, matched in age, gender and socioeconomic background. While watching an emotion evocative film, participants-HR was monitored. Immediately after viewing, self-reported vicarious responses were obtained. Participants also completed the Bryant Empathy Index. CD/CU children displayed lower magnitude of HR change than both CD-only and controls. Both CD groups reported fewer vicarious responses and scored lower than controls on the empathy index. These results support distinct deficits across CD subsets, suggestive of distinct mechanisms underlying their antisocial conduct.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages503-517
    Number of pages14
    JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
    Volume39
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

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    Heart Rate
    Arousal
    Emotions

    Keywords

    • callous-unemotional traits
    • conduct disorder
    • affective empathy
    • psychopathy

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Heart rate (HR) was employed to compare vicarious affective arousal across three groups of children (aged 7.6 - 11, N = 95): Conduct Disordered (CD) elevated on Callous-Unemotional traits (CD/CU), CD low on CU traits (CD-only), and 'typically-developing' controls, matched in age, gender and socioeconomic background. While watching an emotion evocative film, participants-HR was monitored. Immediately after viewing, self-reported vicarious responses were obtained. Participants also completed the Bryant Empathy Index. CD/CU children displayed lower magnitude of HR change than both CD-only and controls. Both CD groups reported fewer vicarious responses and scored lower than controls on the empathy index. These results support distinct deficits across CD subsets, suggestive of distinct mechanisms underlying their antisocial conduct.",
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    Physiologically-indexed and self-perceived affective empathy in conduct-disordered children high and low on callous-unemotional traits. / Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, X.; Warden, D.A.

    In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, Vol. 39, No. 4, 12.2008, p. 503-517.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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