Photonic platform and the impact of optical nonlinearity on communication devices

Md Shakil Ahmed, Ivan Glesk

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Abstract

It is important to understand properties of different materials and the impact they have on devices used in communication networks. This paper is an overview of optical nonlinearities in Silicon and Gallium Nitride and how these nonlinearities can be used in the realization of optical ultra-fast devices targeting the next generation integrated optics. Research results related to optical lasing, optical switching, data modulation, optical signal amplification and photo-detection using Gallium Nitride devices based on waveguides are examined. Attention is also paid to hybrid and monolithic integration approaches towards the development of advanced photonic chips.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-152
Number of pages88
JournalActa Physica Slovaca
Volume65
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • optical nonlinearity
  • broadband communications
  • optical waveguides
  • photonic chips
  • all-optical switching
  • GaN platform
  • refractive index
  • CMOS compatibility
  • hybrid integrated platform
  • nonlinear effects

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