Performance analysis of higher mode spoof surface plasmon polariton for terahertz sensing

Haizi Yao, Shuncong Zhong, Wanli Tu

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We investigated the spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SSPPs) on 1D grooved metal surface for terahertz sensing of refractive index of the filling analyte through a prism-coupling attenuated total reflection setup. From the dispersion relation analysis and the finite element method-based simulation, we revealed that the dispersion curve of SSPP got suppressed as the filling refractive index increased, which cause the coupling resonance frequency redshifting in the reflection spectrum. The simulated results for testing various refractive indexes demonstrated that the incident angle of terahertz radiation has a great effect on the performance of sensing. Smaller incident angle will result in a higher sensitive sensing with a narrower detection range. In the meanwhile, the higher order mode SSPP-based sensing has a higher sensitivity with a narrower detection range. The maximum sensitivity is 2.57 THz/RIU for the second-order mode sensing at 45° internal incident angle. The proposed SSPP-based method has great potential for high sensitive terahertz sensing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number133104
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number13
Early online date1 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • refractive index
  • plasma waves
  • terahertz radiation


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