Peers, parents, and attitudes about school

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Educational attitudes are linked to long-term educational success through motivating effort and greater attention to the future. This study focuses on the role of friends and of parents in the school-grade cohort in shaping adolescent attitude development. First, I explore the effect of friends’ attitudes on an adolescent’s attitudes. Second, I ask whether parental investments and educational expectations in the adolescent’s school cohort can moderate the influence of friends on attitudes. I find that adolescents’ attitudes about school respond to friends’ attitudes and that parental educational expectations within a cohort can moderate the influence of friends on attitudes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-342
Number of pages53
JournalJournal of Human Capital
Issue number2
Early online date8 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2020


  • noncognitive skills
  • friendship networks
  • instrumental variables
  • peers' parents


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