Peaceful evolution, regime change and China’s political security

Russell Ong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This article explores the enduring impact of the Western strategy of ‘peaceful evolution’ (heping yanbian) on China's political security. This non-military strategy is given an added significance in an era of the lone superpower, when American military might can provide the buttress. ‘Peaceful evolution’ can also overlap with the US notion of ‘regime change’, which often entails military intervention to bring about a desired political transformation in a particular state. Specifically, the strategy of ‘peaceful evolution’ still constitutes a serious threat to China because it needs to continue opening up to the West for the sake of economic modernisation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-727
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Contemporary China
Issue number53
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007


  • China
  • political security
  • regime change
  • Chinese foreign policy


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