Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: are models of self and other pancultural constructs?

Kevin Durkin, David P. Schmitt, Lidia Alcalay, Melissa Allensworth, Juri Allik, Lara Ault, Ivars Austers, Kevin L. Bennett, Gabriel Bianchi, Fredrick Boholst, Mary Ann Borg-Cunen, Johan Braeckman, Edwin G. Brainerd, Leo Gerard A. Caral, Gabrielle Caron, Maria Martina Casullo, Michael Cunningham, Ikuo Daibo, Eros De Souza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

178 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completed the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), a self-reportmeasure of adult romantic attachment. Correlational analyses within each culture suggested that the Model of Self and the Model of Other scales of the RQ were psychometrically valid within most cultures. Contrary to expectations, the Model of Self and Model of Other dimensions of the RQ did not underlie the four-category model of attachment in the same way across all cultures. Analyses of specific attachment styles revealed that secure romantic attachmentwas normative in 79% of cultures and that preoccupied romantic attachment was particularly prevalent in East Asian cultures. Finally, the romantic attachment profiles of individual nations were correlated with sociocultural indicators in ways that supported evolutionary theories of romantic attachment and basic human mating strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-402
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2004

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Sexuality
questionnaire
evolutionary theory
sexuality
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • romantic attachment
  • culture
  • internal working models
  • human mating strategies

Cite this

Durkin, Kevin ; Schmitt, David P. ; Alcalay, Lidia ; Allensworth, Melissa ; Allik, Juri ; Ault, Lara ; Austers, Ivars ; Bennett, Kevin L. ; Bianchi, Gabriel ; Boholst, Fredrick ; Borg-Cunen, Mary Ann ; Braeckman, Johan ; Brainerd, Edwin G. ; Caral, Leo Gerard A. ; Caron, Gabrielle ; Casullo, Maria Martina ; Cunningham, Michael ; Daibo, Ikuo ; De Souza, Eros. / Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: are models of self and other pancultural constructs?. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2004 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 367-402.
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title = "Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: are models of self and other pancultural constructs?",
abstract = "As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completed the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), a self-reportmeasure of adult romantic attachment. Correlational analyses within each culture suggested that the Model of Self and the Model of Other scales of the RQ were psychometrically valid within most cultures. Contrary to expectations, the Model of Self and Model of Other dimensions of the RQ did not underlie the four-category model of attachment in the same way across all cultures. Analyses of specific attachment styles revealed that secure romantic attachmentwas normative in 79{\%} of cultures and that preoccupied romantic attachment was particularly prevalent in East Asian cultures. Finally, the romantic attachment profiles of individual nations were correlated with sociocultural indicators in ways that supported evolutionary theories of romantic attachment and basic human mating strategies.",
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author = "Kevin Durkin and Schmitt, {David P.} and Lidia Alcalay and Melissa Allensworth and Juri Allik and Lara Ault and Ivars Austers and Bennett, {Kevin L.} and Gabriel Bianchi and Fredrick Boholst and Borg-Cunen, {Mary Ann} and Johan Braeckman and Brainerd, {Edwin G.} and Caral, {Leo Gerard A.} and Gabrielle Caron and Casullo, {Maria Martina} and Michael Cunningham and Ikuo Daibo and {De Souza}, Eros",
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Durkin, K, Schmitt, DP, Alcalay, L, Allensworth, M, Allik, J, Ault, L, Austers, I, Bennett, KL, Bianchi, G, Boholst, F, Borg-Cunen, MA, Braeckman, J, Brainerd, EG, Caral, LGA, Caron, G, Casullo, MM, Cunningham, M, Daibo, I & De Souza, E 2004, 'Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: are models of self and other pancultural constructs?', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 367-402. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022104266105

Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: are models of self and other pancultural constructs? / Durkin, Kevin; Schmitt, David P.; Alcalay, Lidia; Allensworth, Melissa; Allik, Juri; Ault, Lara; Austers, Ivars; Bennett, Kevin L.; Bianchi, Gabriel; Boholst, Fredrick; Borg-Cunen, Mary Ann; Braeckman, Johan; Brainerd, Edwin G.; Caral, Leo Gerard A.; Caron, Gabrielle; Casullo, Maria Martina; Cunningham, Michael; Daibo, Ikuo; De Souza, Eros.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 4, 02.07.2004, p. 367-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Schmitt, David P.

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AU - Allik, Juri

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AU - Bennett, Kevin L.

AU - Bianchi, Gabriel

AU - Boholst, Fredrick

AU - Borg-Cunen, Mary Ann

AU - Braeckman, Johan

AU - Brainerd, Edwin G.

AU - Caral, Leo Gerard A.

AU - Caron, Gabrielle

AU - Casullo, Maria Martina

AU - Cunningham, Michael

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AU - De Souza, Eros

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KW - culture

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