Patronal care and maternal feeling: New correspondence between Ann Yearsley and Hannah More

Kerri Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ann Cromartie, later Yearsley, was born in Clifton in 1753, and came to prominence in the 1780s as ‘The Bristol Milkwoman’, a poetical phenomenon ‘discovered’ by Hannah More in the autumn of 1784. Little is known about Yearsley’s early years, but what is known has been carefully recorded by Mary Waldron in her 1996 biography, Lactilla, Milkwoman of Clifton.1 Taught to read by her mother and to write by her brother, Ann Cromartie was married at 21 to John Yearsley, a yeoman. Although their marriage seems to have begun well enough, with five children born between 1775 and 1782, by the winter of 1783–4 the Yearsley family were in extreme difficulties (Waldron, 18). Starving in a barn, Yearsley, her husband, her mother, and the five children were rescued at the last by a local man, Mr. Vaughan, though too late to save the life of Mrs. Cromartie, who died shortly afterwards. The family’s fortunes recovered, and by autumn 1784 Yearsley was selling milk and collecting hogswash door to door. Her extraordinary story came to the attention of Hannah More, whose cook was one of those on whom Yearsley called for hogswash.
LanguageEnglish
Pages43-59
Number of pages17
JournalRomanticism
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Fingerprint

Hannah More
Yeoman
Teaching
Fortune
Bristol
1780s
Brothers
Milk
Marriage
Husbands

Keywords

  • patronage
  • gratitude
  • Bloomfield
  • Ann Yearsley
  • correspondence
  • motherhood
  • Hannah More

Cite this

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title = "Patronal care and maternal feeling: New correspondence between Ann Yearsley and Hannah More",
abstract = "Ann Cromartie, later Yearsley, was born in Clifton in 1753, and came to prominence in the 1780s as ‘The Bristol Milkwoman’, a poetical phenomenon ‘discovered’ by Hannah More in the autumn of 1784. Little is known about Yearsley’s early years, but what is known has been carefully recorded by Mary Waldron in her 1996 biography, Lactilla, Milkwoman of Clifton.1 Taught to read by her mother and to write by her brother, Ann Cromartie was married at 21 to John Yearsley, a yeoman. Although their marriage seems to have begun well enough, with five children born between 1775 and 1782, by the winter of 1783–4 the Yearsley family were in extreme difficulties (Waldron, 18). Starving in a barn, Yearsley, her husband, her mother, and the five children were rescued at the last by a local man, Mr. Vaughan, though too late to save the life of Mrs. Cromartie, who died shortly afterwards. The family’s fortunes recovered, and by autumn 1784 Yearsley was selling milk and collecting hogswash door to door. Her extraordinary story came to the attention of Hannah More, whose cook was one of those on whom Yearsley called for hogswash.",
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Patronal care and maternal feeling : New correspondence between Ann Yearsley and Hannah More. / Andrews, Kerri.

In: Romanticism, Vol. 16, No. 1, 04.2010, p. 43-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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