Patient reports of the frequency and severity of adverse reactions associated with biological agents prescribed for psoriasis in Brazil

Luciane Cruz Lopes, Miriam Sanches do Nascimento Silveira, Mayara Costa de Camargo, Iara Alves de Camargo, Tatiana Chama Borges Luz, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, Silvio Barberato-Filho, Fernando de Sa Del Fiol, Gordon Guyatt

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Abstract

Background: The safety of biological agents used to treat psoriasis remains uncertain. Objective: The authors determined the frequency and severity of adverse effects associated with use of biologic agents for psoriasis through patient-registered lawsuits to the government of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Sources of information included legal records, dispensing pharmacy data and interviews with patients. Research staff conducted telephone interviews with patients who used biologic drugs during 2004 - 2011, inquiring about medication-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and serious adverse events (SAEs). Results: Of the 218 patients identified, 15 proved ineligible or refused participation. 203 patients were interviewed, with 111 (54.7 taking infliximab, 43 (21.2 efalizumab, 35 (17.2 etanercept and 14 (6.9 adalimumab. Of 84 (41.4 patients who experienced one or more ADR related to biological agents, 57 (67.9 experienced one or more SAE. The only risk factor associated with ADRs was comorbidity odds ratio = 6.54 (95% confident interval [CI] 3.20 - 13.32), p <0.0001. Conclusion: Biologic agents were associated with high rates of ADRs and SAEs. The data suggests that for patients taking a biologic agent to treat psoriasis and who have one or more comorbidities, warnings of possible adverse events and enhanced surveillance are warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1155-1163
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Safety
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2014

Keywords

  • adverse reaction
  • biologic
  • psoriasis

Cite this

Lopes, L. C., do Nascimento Silveira, M. S., de Camargo, M. C., de Camargo, I. A., Borges Luz, T. C., Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, C. G., Barberato-Filho, S., Del Fiol, F. D. S., & Guyatt, G. (2014). Patient reports of the frequency and severity of adverse reactions associated with biological agents prescribed for psoriasis in Brazil. Expert Opinion on Drug Safety, 13(9), 1155-1163. https://doi.org/10.1517/14740338.2014.942219