BACKGROUND:: The use of patient-reported outcome measures is a method of identifying and addressing supportive care needs (SCN) of people with lung cancer, which are often overlooked. OBJECTIVE:: The objectives of this study were to identify and evaluate existing SCN tools previously used in studies with patients with lung cancer and to establish their suitability for use in research and clinical practice. METHODS:: A systematic search was carried out in the MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and British Nursing Index databases to locate studies conducted between January 2000 and November 2010 that made use of validated self-report SCN tools with patients with lung cancer. RESULTS:: Twelve articles introducing 8 instruments met prespecified selection criteria. All tools were appraised for their content, comprehensiveness, appropriateness, psychometric properties, and feasibility and acceptability. Only 1 lung cancer-specific SCN tool was identified. Whereas the majority of tools had acceptable psychometric properties, only 1 tool had gone through a systematic development process specifically in the context of lung cancer. Therefore, it is questionable whether existing tools can adequately identify healthcare needs that people with lung cancer consider most important. CONCLUSIONS:: To ensure that SCNs of people with lung cancer are adequately and promptly identified, rigorous development and systematic testing of content-specific SCN tools are warranted. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:: Collaborative work between patients with lung cancer, health professionals, and tool developers is required for an SCN tool not only to be content-specific but also to take into consideration the reality of clinical practice in providing supportive care to people with lung cancer.
- healthcare needs
- lung cancer
- patient-reported outcome measures
- supportive care
- systematic review