Path to AWAKE: evolution of the concept

A. Caldwell, E. Adli, L. Amorim, R. Apsimon, T. Argyropoulos, R. Assmann, A.-M. Bachmann, F. Batsch, J. Bauche, V.K. Berglyd Olsen, M. Bernardini, R. Bingham, B. Biskup, T. Bohl, C. Bracco, P.N. Burrows, G. Burt, B. Buttenschön, A. Butterworth, M. CascellaS. Chattopadhyay, E. Chevallay, S. Cipiccia, H. Damerau, L. Deacon, P. Dirksen, S. Doebert, U. Dorda, E. Elsen, J. Farmer, S. Fartoukh, V. Fedosseev, E. Feldbaumer, R. Fiorito, R. Fonseca, F. Friebel, G. Geschonke, B. Goddard, A.A. Gorn, O. Grulke, E. Gschwendtner, J. Hansen, C. Hessler, S. Hillenbrand, W. Hofle, J. Holloway, C. Huang, M. Hüther, D. Jaroszynski, L. Jensen, S. Jolly, A. Joulaei, M. Kasim, F. Keeble, R. Kersevan, N. Kumar, Y. Li, S. Liu, N. Lopes, K.V. Lotov, W. Lu, J. Machacek, S. Mandry, I. Martin, R. Martorelli, M. Martyanov, S. Mazzoni, M. Meddahi, L. Merminga, O. Mete, V.A. Minakov, J. Mitchell, J. Moody, A.-S. Müller, Z. Najmudin, T.C.Q. Noakes, P. Norreys, J. Osterhoff, E. Öz, A. Pardons, K. Pepitone, A. Petrenko, G. Plyushchev, J. Pozimski, A. Pukhov, O. Reimann, K. Rieger, S. Roesler, H. Ruhl, T. Rusnak, F. Salveter, N. Savard, J. Schmidt, H. von der Schmitt, A. Seryi, E. Shaposhnikova, Z.M. Sheng, P. Sherwood, L. Silva, F. Simon, L. Soby, A.P. Sosedkin, R.I. Spitsyn, T. Tajima, R. Tarkeshian, H. Timko, R. Trines, T. Tückmantel, P.V. Tuev, M. Turner, F. Velotti, V. Verzilov, J. Vieira, H. Vincke, Y. Wei, C.P. Welsch, M. Wing, G. Xia, V. Yakimenko, H. Zhang, F. Zimmermann

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This paper describes the conceptual steps in reaching the design of the AWAKE experiment currently under construction at CERN. We start with an introduction to plasma wakefield acceleration and the motivation for using proton drivers. We then describe the self-modulation instability - a key to an early realization of the concept. This is then followed by the historical development of the experimental design, where the critical issues that arose and their solutions are described. We conclude with the design of the experiment as it is being realized at CERN and some words on the future outlook. A summary of the AWAKE design and construction status as presented in this conference is given in Gschwendtner et al. [1].

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Early online date2 Jan 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Jan 2016


  • plasma wakefield acceleration
  • proton driver
  • self-modulation instability


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