Partial agonism of taprostene at prostanoid iP receptors in vascular preparations from guinea pig, rat and mouse

K.M. Chan, R.L. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates whether incomplete relaxation of vascular smooth muscle preparations induced by the prostacyclin analogue taprostene is due to partial agonism at prostanoid IP receptors. In the presence of the prostanoid EP4 receptor antagonist AH 23848, 3 microM taprostene induced 45% relaxation of phenylephrine-contracted guinea-pig saphenous vein rings and displaced log concentration-response curves for the prostacyclin analogues AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost to the right, parallel to their predicted addition curves. In contrast, taprostene interacted additively with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), ONO-AE1-259 (selective EP2 agonist), and acetylcholine. Similarly, on rat tail artery contracted with phenylephrine, 3 microM taprostene (20% relaxation) opposed AFP-07- but not PGE2-induced relaxation. However, under U-46619-induced tone (AH 23848 absent), taprostene antagonized AFP-07 and cicaprost more than TEI-9063, suggesting that the latter has more than one relaxation mechanism. The presence of a sensitive EP3 contractile system in mouse aorta interfered with IP receptor-mediated relaxation. By generating tone with phenylephrine and the potent EP3 agonist sulprostone, it was possible to show that 3 microM taprostene (15% relaxation) selectively opposed relaxations induced by AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost. Our experiments indicate that taprostene is a partial agonist at prostanoid IP receptors, and may be a lead to an IP receptor antagonist.
LanguageEnglish
Pages795-807
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume43
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Prostaglandins
Blood Vessels
Guinea Pigs
Phenylephrine
Epoprostenol
Dinoprostone
Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP4 Subtype
15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
Cholinergic Agonists
Saphenous Vein
taprostene
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Aorta
Tail
Arteries
AFP 07
17,20-dimethylisocarbacyclin
cicaprost

Keywords

  • arterial smooth muscle
  • taprostene
  • prostanoid receptors
  • partial agonist
  • prostacyclin analogues

Cite this

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abstract = "This study investigates whether incomplete relaxation of vascular smooth muscle preparations induced by the prostacyclin analogue taprostene is due to partial agonism at prostanoid IP receptors. In the presence of the prostanoid EP4 receptor antagonist AH 23848, 3 microM taprostene induced 45{\%} relaxation of phenylephrine-contracted guinea-pig saphenous vein rings and displaced log concentration-response curves for the prostacyclin analogues AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost to the right, parallel to their predicted addition curves. In contrast, taprostene interacted additively with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), ONO-AE1-259 (selective EP2 agonist), and acetylcholine. Similarly, on rat tail artery contracted with phenylephrine, 3 microM taprostene (20{\%} relaxation) opposed AFP-07- but not PGE2-induced relaxation. However, under U-46619-induced tone (AH 23848 absent), taprostene antagonized AFP-07 and cicaprost more than TEI-9063, suggesting that the latter has more than one relaxation mechanism. The presence of a sensitive EP3 contractile system in mouse aorta interfered with IP receptor-mediated relaxation. By generating tone with phenylephrine and the potent EP3 agonist sulprostone, it was possible to show that 3 microM taprostene (15{\%} relaxation) selectively opposed relaxations induced by AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost. Our experiments indicate that taprostene is a partial agonist at prostanoid IP receptors, and may be a lead to an IP receptor antagonist.",
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Partial agonism of taprostene at prostanoid iP receptors in vascular preparations from guinea pig, rat and mouse. / Chan, K.M.; Jones, R.L.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Vol. 43, No. 6, 2004, p. 795-807.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Partial agonism of taprostene at prostanoid iP receptors in vascular preparations from guinea pig, rat and mouse

AU - Chan, K.M.

AU - Jones, R.L.

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N2 - This study investigates whether incomplete relaxation of vascular smooth muscle preparations induced by the prostacyclin analogue taprostene is due to partial agonism at prostanoid IP receptors. In the presence of the prostanoid EP4 receptor antagonist AH 23848, 3 microM taprostene induced 45% relaxation of phenylephrine-contracted guinea-pig saphenous vein rings and displaced log concentration-response curves for the prostacyclin analogues AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost to the right, parallel to their predicted addition curves. In contrast, taprostene interacted additively with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), ONO-AE1-259 (selective EP2 agonist), and acetylcholine. Similarly, on rat tail artery contracted with phenylephrine, 3 microM taprostene (20% relaxation) opposed AFP-07- but not PGE2-induced relaxation. However, under U-46619-induced tone (AH 23848 absent), taprostene antagonized AFP-07 and cicaprost more than TEI-9063, suggesting that the latter has more than one relaxation mechanism. The presence of a sensitive EP3 contractile system in mouse aorta interfered with IP receptor-mediated relaxation. By generating tone with phenylephrine and the potent EP3 agonist sulprostone, it was possible to show that 3 microM taprostene (15% relaxation) selectively opposed relaxations induced by AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost. Our experiments indicate that taprostene is a partial agonist at prostanoid IP receptors, and may be a lead to an IP receptor antagonist.

AB - This study investigates whether incomplete relaxation of vascular smooth muscle preparations induced by the prostacyclin analogue taprostene is due to partial agonism at prostanoid IP receptors. In the presence of the prostanoid EP4 receptor antagonist AH 23848, 3 microM taprostene induced 45% relaxation of phenylephrine-contracted guinea-pig saphenous vein rings and displaced log concentration-response curves for the prostacyclin analogues AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost to the right, parallel to their predicted addition curves. In contrast, taprostene interacted additively with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), ONO-AE1-259 (selective EP2 agonist), and acetylcholine. Similarly, on rat tail artery contracted with phenylephrine, 3 microM taprostene (20% relaxation) opposed AFP-07- but not PGE2-induced relaxation. However, under U-46619-induced tone (AH 23848 absent), taprostene antagonized AFP-07 and cicaprost more than TEI-9063, suggesting that the latter has more than one relaxation mechanism. The presence of a sensitive EP3 contractile system in mouse aorta interfered with IP receptor-mediated relaxation. By generating tone with phenylephrine and the potent EP3 agonist sulprostone, it was possible to show that 3 microM taprostene (15% relaxation) selectively opposed relaxations induced by AFP-07, TEI-9063, and cicaprost. Our experiments indicate that taprostene is a partial agonist at prostanoid IP receptors, and may be a lead to an IP receptor antagonist.

KW - arterial smooth muscle

KW - taprostene

KW - prostanoid receptors

KW - partial agonist

KW - prostacyclin analogues

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JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology

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