OSS (Outer Solar System)

a fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt

B. Christophe, L. J. Spilker, J. D. Anderson, N. Andre, S. W. Asmar, J. Aurnou, D. Banfield, A. Barucci, O. Bertolami, R. Bingham, P. Brown, B. Cecconi, J. -M. Courty, H. Dittus, L. N. Fletcher, B. Foulon, F. Francisco, P. J. S. Gil, K. H. Glassmeier, W. Grundy & 29 others C. Hansen, J. Helbert, R. Helled, H. Hussmann, B. Lamine, C. Laemmerzahl, L. Lamy, R. Lehoucq, B. Lenoir, A. Levy, G. Orton, J. Paramos, J. Poncy, F. Postberg, S. V. Progrebenko, K. R. Reh, S. Reynaud, C. Robert, E. Samain, J. Saur, K. M. Sayanagi, N. Schmitz, H. Selig, F. Sohl, T. R. Spilker, R. Srama, K. Stephan, P. Touboul, P. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present OSS (Outer Solar System) mission continues a long and bright tradition by associating the communities of fundamental physics and planetary sciences in a single mission with ambitious goals in both domains. OSS is an M-class mission to explore the Neptune system almost half a century after the flyby of the Voyager 2 spacecraft. Several discoveries were made by Voyager 2, including the Great Dark Spot (which has now disappeared) and Triton's geysers. Voyager 2 revealed the dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere and found four rings and evidence of ring arcs above Neptune. Benefiting from a greatly improved instrumentation, a mission as OSS would result in a striking advance in the study of the farthest planet of the solar system. Furthermore, OSS would provide a unique opportunity to visit a selected Kuiper Belt object subsequent to the passage of the Neptunian system. OSS would help consolidate the hypothesis of the origin of Triton as a Kuiper Belt object captured by Neptune, and to improve our knowledge on the formation of the solar system. The OSS probe would carry instruments allowing precise tracking of the spacecraft during the cruise. It would facilitate the best possible tests of the laws of gravity in deep space. These objectives are important for fundamental physics, as they test General Relativity, our current theoretical description of gravitation, but also for cosmology, astrophysics and planetary science, as General Relativity is used as a tool in all these domains. In particular, the models of solar system formation uses General Relativity to describe the crucial role of gravity. OSS is proposed as an international cooperation between ESA and NASA, giving the capability for ESA to launch an M-class mission towards the farthest planet of the solar system, and to a Kuiper Belt object. The proposed mission profile would allow to deliver a 500 kg class spacecraft. The design of the probe is mainly constrained by the deep space gravity test in order to minimize the perturbation of the accelerometer measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-242
Number of pages40
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Kuiper belt
Neptune (planet)
Neptune
solar system
physics
gravitation
relativity
deep space
spacecraft
gravity
European Space Agency
Neptune atmosphere
planets
Voyager 2 spacecraft
planet
geysers
probe
international cooperation
probes
accelerometer

Keywords

  • fundamental physics
  • deep space gravity
  • neptune
  • triton
  • kuiper belt object
  • outer solar system
  • planetary physics mission

Cite this

Christophe, B., Spilker, L. J., Anderson, J. D., Andre, N., Asmar, S. W., Aurnou, J., ... Wolf, P. (2012). OSS (Outer Solar System): a fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt. Experimental Astronomy, 34(2), 203-242. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-012-9309-y
Christophe, B. ; Spilker, L. J. ; Anderson, J. D. ; Andre, N. ; Asmar, S. W. ; Aurnou, J. ; Banfield, D. ; Barucci, A. ; Bertolami, O. ; Bingham, R. ; Brown, P. ; Cecconi, B. ; Courty, J. -M. ; Dittus, H. ; Fletcher, L. N. ; Foulon, B. ; Francisco, F. ; Gil, P. J. S. ; Glassmeier, K. H. ; Grundy, W. ; Hansen, C. ; Helbert, J. ; Helled, R. ; Hussmann, H. ; Lamine, B. ; Laemmerzahl, C. ; Lamy, L. ; Lehoucq, R. ; Lenoir, B. ; Levy, A. ; Orton, G. ; Paramos, J. ; Poncy, J. ; Postberg, F. ; Progrebenko, S. V. ; Reh, K. R. ; Reynaud, S. ; Robert, C. ; Samain, E. ; Saur, J. ; Sayanagi, K. M. ; Schmitz, N. ; Selig, H. ; Sohl, F. ; Spilker, T. R. ; Srama, R. ; Stephan, K. ; Touboul, P. ; Wolf, P. / OSS (Outer Solar System) : a fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt. In: Experimental Astronomy. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 203-242.
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author = "B. Christophe and Spilker, {L. J.} and Anderson, {J. D.} and N. Andre and Asmar, {S. W.} and J. Aurnou and D. Banfield and A. Barucci and O. Bertolami and R. Bingham and P. Brown and B. Cecconi and Courty, {J. -M.} and H. Dittus and Fletcher, {L. N.} and B. Foulon and F. Francisco and Gil, {P. J. S.} and Glassmeier, {K. H.} and W. Grundy and C. Hansen and J. Helbert and R. Helled and H. Hussmann and B. Lamine and C. Laemmerzahl and L. Lamy and R. Lehoucq and B. Lenoir and A. Levy and G. Orton and J. Paramos and J. Poncy and F. Postberg and Progrebenko, {S. V.} and Reh, {K. R.} and S. Reynaud and C. Robert and E. Samain and J. Saur and Sayanagi, {K. M.} and N. Schmitz and H. Selig and F. Sohl and Spilker, {T. R.} and R. Srama and K. Stephan and P. Touboul and P. Wolf",
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Christophe, B, Spilker, LJ, Anderson, JD, Andre, N, Asmar, SW, Aurnou, J, Banfield, D, Barucci, A, Bertolami, O, Bingham, R, Brown, P, Cecconi, B, Courty, J-M, Dittus, H, Fletcher, LN, Foulon, B, Francisco, F, Gil, PJS, Glassmeier, KH, Grundy, W, Hansen, C, Helbert, J, Helled, R, Hussmann, H, Lamine, B, Laemmerzahl, C, Lamy, L, Lehoucq, R, Lenoir, B, Levy, A, Orton, G, Paramos, J, Poncy, J, Postberg, F, Progrebenko, SV, Reh, KR, Reynaud, S, Robert, C, Samain, E, Saur, J, Sayanagi, KM, Schmitz, N, Selig, H, Sohl, F, Spilker, TR, Srama, R, Stephan, K, Touboul, P & Wolf, P 2012, 'OSS (Outer Solar System): a fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt', Experimental Astronomy, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 203-242. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-012-9309-y

OSS (Outer Solar System) : a fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt. / Christophe, B.; Spilker, L. J.; Anderson, J. D.; Andre, N.; Asmar, S. W.; Aurnou, J.; Banfield, D.; Barucci, A.; Bertolami, O.; Bingham, R.; Brown, P.; Cecconi, B.; Courty, J. -M.; Dittus, H.; Fletcher, L. N.; Foulon, B.; Francisco, F.; Gil, P. J. S.; Glassmeier, K. H.; Grundy, W.; Hansen, C.; Helbert, J.; Helled, R.; Hussmann, H.; Lamine, B.; Laemmerzahl, C.; Lamy, L.; Lehoucq, R.; Lenoir, B.; Levy, A.; Orton, G.; Paramos, J.; Poncy, J.; Postberg, F.; Progrebenko, S. V.; Reh, K. R.; Reynaud, S.; Robert, C.; Samain, E.; Saur, J.; Sayanagi, K. M.; Schmitz, N.; Selig, H.; Sohl, F.; Spilker, T. R.; Srama, R.; Stephan, K.; Touboul, P.; Wolf, P.

In: Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 34, No. 2, 10.2012, p. 203-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - OSS (Outer Solar System)

T2 - a fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt

AU - Christophe, B.

AU - Spilker, L. J.

AU - Anderson, J. D.

AU - Andre, N.

AU - Asmar, S. W.

AU - Aurnou, J.

AU - Banfield, D.

AU - Barucci, A.

AU - Bertolami, O.

AU - Bingham, R.

AU - Brown, P.

AU - Cecconi, B.

AU - Courty, J. -M.

AU - Dittus, H.

AU - Fletcher, L. N.

AU - Foulon, B.

AU - Francisco, F.

AU - Gil, P. J. S.

AU - Glassmeier, K. H.

AU - Grundy, W.

AU - Hansen, C.

AU - Helbert, J.

AU - Helled, R.

AU - Hussmann, H.

AU - Lamine, B.

AU - Laemmerzahl, C.

AU - Lamy, L.

AU - Lehoucq, R.

AU - Lenoir, B.

AU - Levy, A.

AU - Orton, G.

AU - Paramos, J.

AU - Poncy, J.

AU - Postberg, F.

AU - Progrebenko, S. V.

AU - Reh, K. R.

AU - Reynaud, S.

AU - Robert, C.

AU - Samain, E.

AU - Saur, J.

AU - Sayanagi, K. M.

AU - Schmitz, N.

AU - Selig, H.

AU - Sohl, F.

AU - Spilker, T. R.

AU - Srama, R.

AU - Stephan, K.

AU - Touboul, P.

AU - Wolf, P.

PY - 2012/10

Y1 - 2012/10

N2 - The present OSS (Outer Solar System) mission continues a long and bright tradition by associating the communities of fundamental physics and planetary sciences in a single mission with ambitious goals in both domains. OSS is an M-class mission to explore the Neptune system almost half a century after the flyby of the Voyager 2 spacecraft. Several discoveries were made by Voyager 2, including the Great Dark Spot (which has now disappeared) and Triton's geysers. Voyager 2 revealed the dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere and found four rings and evidence of ring arcs above Neptune. Benefiting from a greatly improved instrumentation, a mission as OSS would result in a striking advance in the study of the farthest planet of the solar system. Furthermore, OSS would provide a unique opportunity to visit a selected Kuiper Belt object subsequent to the passage of the Neptunian system. OSS would help consolidate the hypothesis of the origin of Triton as a Kuiper Belt object captured by Neptune, and to improve our knowledge on the formation of the solar system. The OSS probe would carry instruments allowing precise tracking of the spacecraft during the cruise. It would facilitate the best possible tests of the laws of gravity in deep space. These objectives are important for fundamental physics, as they test General Relativity, our current theoretical description of gravitation, but also for cosmology, astrophysics and planetary science, as General Relativity is used as a tool in all these domains. In particular, the models of solar system formation uses General Relativity to describe the crucial role of gravity. OSS is proposed as an international cooperation between ESA and NASA, giving the capability for ESA to launch an M-class mission towards the farthest planet of the solar system, and to a Kuiper Belt object. The proposed mission profile would allow to deliver a 500 kg class spacecraft. The design of the probe is mainly constrained by the deep space gravity test in order to minimize the perturbation of the accelerometer measurement.

AB - The present OSS (Outer Solar System) mission continues a long and bright tradition by associating the communities of fundamental physics and planetary sciences in a single mission with ambitious goals in both domains. OSS is an M-class mission to explore the Neptune system almost half a century after the flyby of the Voyager 2 spacecraft. Several discoveries were made by Voyager 2, including the Great Dark Spot (which has now disappeared) and Triton's geysers. Voyager 2 revealed the dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere and found four rings and evidence of ring arcs above Neptune. Benefiting from a greatly improved instrumentation, a mission as OSS would result in a striking advance in the study of the farthest planet of the solar system. Furthermore, OSS would provide a unique opportunity to visit a selected Kuiper Belt object subsequent to the passage of the Neptunian system. OSS would help consolidate the hypothesis of the origin of Triton as a Kuiper Belt object captured by Neptune, and to improve our knowledge on the formation of the solar system. The OSS probe would carry instruments allowing precise tracking of the spacecraft during the cruise. It would facilitate the best possible tests of the laws of gravity in deep space. These objectives are important for fundamental physics, as they test General Relativity, our current theoretical description of gravitation, but also for cosmology, astrophysics and planetary science, as General Relativity is used as a tool in all these domains. In particular, the models of solar system formation uses General Relativity to describe the crucial role of gravity. OSS is proposed as an international cooperation between ESA and NASA, giving the capability for ESA to launch an M-class mission towards the farthest planet of the solar system, and to a Kuiper Belt object. The proposed mission profile would allow to deliver a 500 kg class spacecraft. The design of the probe is mainly constrained by the deep space gravity test in order to minimize the perturbation of the accelerometer measurement.

KW - fundamental physics

KW - deep space gravity

KW - neptune

KW - triton

KW - kuiper belt object

KW - outer solar system

KW - planetary physics mission

U2 - 10.1007/s10686-012-9309-y

DO - 10.1007/s10686-012-9309-y

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 203

EP - 242

JO - Experimental Astronomy

JF - Experimental Astronomy

SN - 0922-6435

IS - 2

ER -