Origin of red emission in β-Ga2O3 analysed by cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence spectroscopy

Gunasekar Naresh-Kumar, Hazel Macintyre, Shanthi Shanthi, Paul R. Edwards, Robert W. Martin, Krishnamurthy Daivasigamani, Kohei Sasaki, Akito Kuramata

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The spectroscopic techniques of cathodoluminescence (CL) and photoluminescence (PL) are used to study the origin of red emission in β-Ga 2O 3 grown using the edge-defined film-fed grown (EFG) method and hydride vapor phase epitaxy. Room-temperature CL shows red emission peaks from samples doped with Fe, Sn, and Si and from unintentionally doped (UID) samples. Narrow emission lines around 690 nm are seen strongly in the Fe and UID samples. Temperature-dependent PL analysis of the two prominent red emission lines reveals properties similar to the R lines in sapphire for all samples but with different levels of emission intensities. These lines are attributed to Cr 3+ ionic transitions rather than Fe 3+, as reported previously. The most likely origin of the unintentional Cr incorporation is the source material used in the EFG method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000465
JournalPhysica Status Solidi B
Early online date20 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2021


  • spectroscopy methods
  • gallium oxide
  • scanning electron microscope (SEM)
  • cathodoluminescence
  • photoluminescence


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