Optimization and comparison of flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator considering variable power factor and wind conditions for a 6MW offshore wind turbine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

A large proportion of offshore wind turbine designs are now based on directly driven permanent magnet synchronous generators using rare earth materials. During last few years, the price of Nd-Fe-B has increased and fluctuated significantly. The large price fluctuations encourage us to look at flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator (where flux-concentrating characteristics helps to increase flux density in the air gap) and optimize that for offshore wind turbine generator. In this paper, a 6 MW generator using Nd-Fe-B magnet is designed analytically in MATLAB, where magnets are placed between magnetically conducting pole shoes to reinforce the air gap flux. The generator design is optimized for the best performance machine and lowest cost of energy. Further optimization is performed to compare the results with a 6 MW surface-mounted Nd-Fe-B generator. It is found that, the flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator gives better cost of energy compare to surface mounted Nd-Fe-B generator. The effect of variable power factor and sensitivity to wind conditions are also estimated in this study.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC)
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781538629109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2018
EventThe 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference - Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Sep 20187 Sep 2018
Conference number: 53
http://www.upec2018.com/

Conference

ConferenceThe 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference
Abbreviated titleUPEC2018
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period4/09/187/09/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Offshore wind turbines
Fluxes
Magnets
Synchronous generators
Turbogenerators
Air
Rare earths
Permanent magnets
MATLAB
Costs
Poles

Keywords

  • cost of energy
  • flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator
  • optimization
  • variable power factor
  • wind condition
  • wind turbine

Cite this

@inproceedings{4e427b7290df4ee69690e87ba290c4cd,
title = "Optimization and comparison of flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator considering variable power factor and wind conditions for a 6MW offshore wind turbine",
abstract = "A large proportion of offshore wind turbine designs are now based on directly driven permanent magnet synchronous generators using rare earth materials. During last few years, the price of Nd-Fe-B has increased and fluctuated significantly. The large price fluctuations encourage us to look at flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator (where flux-concentrating characteristics helps to increase flux density in the air gap) and optimize that for offshore wind turbine generator. In this paper, a 6 MW generator using Nd-Fe-B magnet is designed analytically in MATLAB, where magnets are placed between magnetically conducting pole shoes to reinforce the air gap flux. The generator design is optimized for the best performance machine and lowest cost of energy. Further optimization is performed to compare the results with a 6 MW surface-mounted Nd-Fe-B generator. It is found that, the flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator gives better cost of energy compare to surface mounted Nd-Fe-B generator. The effect of variable power factor and sensitivity to wind conditions are also estimated in this study.",
keywords = "cost of energy, flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator, optimization, variable power factor, wind condition, wind turbine",
author = "Bhuiyan, {Nurul Azim} and Alasdair McDonald",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.",
year = "2018",
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doi = "10.1109/UPEC.2018.8542067",
language = "English",
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Bhuiyan, NA & McDonald, A 2018, Optimization and comparison of flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator considering variable power factor and wind conditions for a 6MW offshore wind turbine. in 2018 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, The 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 4/09/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/UPEC.2018.8542067

Optimization and comparison of flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator considering variable power factor and wind conditions for a 6MW offshore wind turbine. / Bhuiyan, Nurul Azim ; McDonald, Alasdair.

2018 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). Piscataway, NJ : IEEE, 2018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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N1 - © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

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N2 - A large proportion of offshore wind turbine designs are now based on directly driven permanent magnet synchronous generators using rare earth materials. During last few years, the price of Nd-Fe-B has increased and fluctuated significantly. The large price fluctuations encourage us to look at flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator (where flux-concentrating characteristics helps to increase flux density in the air gap) and optimize that for offshore wind turbine generator. In this paper, a 6 MW generator using Nd-Fe-B magnet is designed analytically in MATLAB, where magnets are placed between magnetically conducting pole shoes to reinforce the air gap flux. The generator design is optimized for the best performance machine and lowest cost of energy. Further optimization is performed to compare the results with a 6 MW surface-mounted Nd-Fe-B generator. It is found that, the flux-concentrating Nd-Fe-B generator gives better cost of energy compare to surface mounted Nd-Fe-B generator. The effect of variable power factor and sensitivity to wind conditions are also estimated in this study.

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