Optimisation of the vibrational response of ultrasonic cutting systems

M.P. Cartmell, F.C.N. Lim, A. Cardoni, M. Lucas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides an account of an investigation into possible dynamic interactions between two coupled non-linear sub-systems, each possessing opposing non-linear overhang characteristics in the frequency domain in terms of positive and negative cubic stiffnesses. This system is a two-degree-of-freedom Duffing oscillator in which certain non-linear effects can be advantageously neutralised under specific conditions. This theoretical vehicle has been used as a preliminary methodology for understanding the interactive behaviour within typical industrial ultrasonic cutting components. Ultrasonic energy is generated within a piezoelectric exciter, which is inherently non-linear, and which is coupled to a bar- or block-horn, and to one or more material cutting blades, for example. The horn/blade configurations are also non-linear, and within the whole system there are response features which are strongly reminiscent of positive and negative cubic stiffness effects. The two-degree-of-freedom model is analysed and it is shown that a practically useful mitigating effect on the overall non-linear response of the system can be created under certain conditions when one of the cubic stiffnesses is varied. It has also been shown experimentally that coupling of ultrasonic components with different non-linear characteristics can strongly influence the performance of the system and that the general behaviour of the hypothetical theoretical model is indeed borne out in practice. Further experiments have shown that a multiple horn/blade configuration can, under certain circumstances, display autoparametric responses based on the forced response of the desired longitudinal mode parametrically exciting an undesired lateral mode. Typical autoparametric response phenomena have been observed and are presented at the end of the paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-656
Number of pages12
JournalIMA Journal of Applied Mathematics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2005


  • parametric interactions
  • autoparametric interaction
  • cubic stiffness


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