Optimal impact strategies for asteroid deflection

Massimiliano Vasile, Camilla Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)
120 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents an analysis of optimal impact strategies to deflect potentially dangerous asteroids. To compute the increase in the minimum orbit intersection distance of the asteroid due to an impact with a spacecraft, simple analytical formulas are derived from proximal motion equations. The proposed analytical formulation allows for an analysis of the optimal direction of the deviating impulse transferred to the asteroid. This ideal optimal direction cannot be achieved for every asteroid at any time; therefore, an analysis of the optimal launch opportunities for deviating a number of selected asteroids was performed through the use of a global optimization procedure. The results in this paper demonstrate that the proximal motion formulation has very good accuracy in predicting the actual deviation and can be used with any deviation method because it has general validity. Furthermore, the characterization of optimal launch opportunities shows that a significant deviation can be obtained even with a small spacecraft.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-872
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


  • optimal impact strategies
  • asteroid deflection


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