Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions

Daniel Garcia Yarnoz, Joan-Pau Sanchez Cuartielles, Colin McInnes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

2 Citations (Scopus)
310 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Asteroids and comets are of strategic importance for science in an effort to uncover the formation, evolution and composition of the Solar System. Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) are of particular interest because of their accessibility from Earth, but also because of their speculated wealth of material resources. The exploitation of these resources has long been discussed as a means to lower the cost of future space endeavours. In this chapter, we analyze the possibility of retrieving entire objects from accessible heliocentric orbits and moving them into the Earth’s neighbourhood. The asteroid retrieval transfers are sought from the continuum of low energy transfers enabled by the dynamics of invariant manifolds; specifically, the retrieval transfers target planar, vertical Lyapunov and halo orbit families associated with the collinear equilibrium points of the Sun-Earth Circular Restricted Three Body problem. The judicious use of these dynamical features provides the best opportunity to find extremely low energy transfers for asteroidal material. With the objective to minimise transfer costs, a global search of impulsive transfers connecting the unperturbed asteroid’s orbit with the stable manifold phase of the transfer is performed. A catalogue of asteroid retrieval opportunities of currently known NEOs is presented here. Despite the highly incomplete census of very small asteroids, the catalogue can already be populated with 12 different objects retrievable with less than 500 m/s of Δv. All, but one, of these objects have an expected size in the range that can be met by current propulsion technologies. Moreover, the methodology proposed represents a robust search for future retrieval candidates that can be automatically applied to a growing survey of NEOs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAsteroids
Subtitle of host publicationProspective Energy and Material Resources
Place of PublicationLondon
Pages479-505, Chapter 21
Number of pages32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2013

Fingerprint

Asteroids
asteroid
Earth (planet)
Orbits
Energy transfer
resource
cost
Solar system
accessibility
comet
solar system
energy
census
Sun
Propulsion
Costs
methodology
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • asteroid retrieval
  • asteroid exploitation
  • near-Earth objects
  • asteroid resources

Cite this

Garcia Yarnoz, D., Sanchez Cuartielles, J-P., & McInnes, C. (2013). Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions. In Asteroids: Prospective Energy and Material Resources (pp. 479-505, Chapter 21 ). London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39244-3_21
Garcia Yarnoz, Daniel ; Sanchez Cuartielles, Joan-Pau ; McInnes, Colin. / Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions. Asteroids: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. London, 2013. pp. 479-505, Chapter 21
@inbook{93b37f567701472e87a0efa2652f6c9e,
title = "Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions",
abstract = "Asteroids and comets are of strategic importance for science in an effort to uncover the formation, evolution and composition of the Solar System. Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) are of particular interest because of their accessibility from Earth, but also because of their speculated wealth of material resources. The exploitation of these resources has long been discussed as a means to lower the cost of future space endeavours. In this chapter, we analyze the possibility of retrieving entire objects from accessible heliocentric orbits and moving them into the Earth’s neighbourhood. The asteroid retrieval transfers are sought from the continuum of low energy transfers enabled by the dynamics of invariant manifolds; specifically, the retrieval transfers target planar, vertical Lyapunov and halo orbit families associated with the collinear equilibrium points of the Sun-Earth Circular Restricted Three Body problem. The judicious use of these dynamical features provides the best opportunity to find extremely low energy transfers for asteroidal material. With the objective to minimise transfer costs, a global search of impulsive transfers connecting the unperturbed asteroid’s orbit with the stable manifold phase of the transfer is performed. A catalogue of asteroid retrieval opportunities of currently known NEOs is presented here. Despite the highly incomplete census of very small asteroids, the catalogue can already be populated with 12 different objects retrievable with less than 500 m/s of Δv. All, but one, of these objects have an expected size in the range that can be met by current propulsion technologies. Moreover, the methodology proposed represents a robust search for future retrieval candidates that can be automatically applied to a growing survey of NEOs.",
keywords = "asteroid retrieval, asteroid exploitation, near-Earth objects , asteroid resources",
author = "{Garcia Yarnoz}, Daniel and {Sanchez Cuartielles}, Joan-Pau and Colin McInnes",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-642-39244-3_21",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-642-39243-6",
pages = "479--505, Chapter 21",
booktitle = "Asteroids",

}

Garcia Yarnoz, D, Sanchez Cuartielles, J-P & McInnes, C 2013, Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions. in Asteroids: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. London, pp. 479-505, Chapter 21 . https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39244-3_21

Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions. / Garcia Yarnoz, Daniel; Sanchez Cuartielles, Joan-Pau; McInnes, Colin.

Asteroids: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. London, 2013. p. 479-505, Chapter 21 .

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

TY - CHAP

T1 - Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions

AU - Garcia Yarnoz, Daniel

AU - Sanchez Cuartielles, Joan-Pau

AU - McInnes, Colin

PY - 2013/9/23

Y1 - 2013/9/23

N2 - Asteroids and comets are of strategic importance for science in an effort to uncover the formation, evolution and composition of the Solar System. Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) are of particular interest because of their accessibility from Earth, but also because of their speculated wealth of material resources. The exploitation of these resources has long been discussed as a means to lower the cost of future space endeavours. In this chapter, we analyze the possibility of retrieving entire objects from accessible heliocentric orbits and moving them into the Earth’s neighbourhood. The asteroid retrieval transfers are sought from the continuum of low energy transfers enabled by the dynamics of invariant manifolds; specifically, the retrieval transfers target planar, vertical Lyapunov and halo orbit families associated with the collinear equilibrium points of the Sun-Earth Circular Restricted Three Body problem. The judicious use of these dynamical features provides the best opportunity to find extremely low energy transfers for asteroidal material. With the objective to minimise transfer costs, a global search of impulsive transfers connecting the unperturbed asteroid’s orbit with the stable manifold phase of the transfer is performed. A catalogue of asteroid retrieval opportunities of currently known NEOs is presented here. Despite the highly incomplete census of very small asteroids, the catalogue can already be populated with 12 different objects retrievable with less than 500 m/s of Δv. All, but one, of these objects have an expected size in the range that can be met by current propulsion technologies. Moreover, the methodology proposed represents a robust search for future retrieval candidates that can be automatically applied to a growing survey of NEOs.

AB - Asteroids and comets are of strategic importance for science in an effort to uncover the formation, evolution and composition of the Solar System. Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) are of particular interest because of their accessibility from Earth, but also because of their speculated wealth of material resources. The exploitation of these resources has long been discussed as a means to lower the cost of future space endeavours. In this chapter, we analyze the possibility of retrieving entire objects from accessible heliocentric orbits and moving them into the Earth’s neighbourhood. The asteroid retrieval transfers are sought from the continuum of low energy transfers enabled by the dynamics of invariant manifolds; specifically, the retrieval transfers target planar, vertical Lyapunov and halo orbit families associated with the collinear equilibrium points of the Sun-Earth Circular Restricted Three Body problem. The judicious use of these dynamical features provides the best opportunity to find extremely low energy transfers for asteroidal material. With the objective to minimise transfer costs, a global search of impulsive transfers connecting the unperturbed asteroid’s orbit with the stable manifold phase of the transfer is performed. A catalogue of asteroid retrieval opportunities of currently known NEOs is presented here. Despite the highly incomplete census of very small asteroids, the catalogue can already be populated with 12 different objects retrievable with less than 500 m/s of Δv. All, but one, of these objects have an expected size in the range that can be met by current propulsion technologies. Moreover, the methodology proposed represents a robust search for future retrieval candidates that can be automatically applied to a growing survey of NEOs.

KW - asteroid retrieval

KW - asteroid exploitation

KW - near-Earth objects

KW - asteroid resources

UR - http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-39244-3_21

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-642-39244-3_21

DO - 10.1007/978-3-642-39244-3_21

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 978-3-642-39243-6

SP - 479-505, Chapter 21

BT - Asteroids

CY - London

ER -

Garcia Yarnoz D, Sanchez Cuartielles J-P, McInnes C. Opportunities for asteroid retrieval missions. In Asteroids: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. London. 2013. p. 479-505, Chapter 21 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39244-3_21