Opensource machine learning metamodels for assessing blade performance impairment due to general leading edge degradation

A. Castorrini, A. Ortolani, E. Minisci, M. S. Campobasso

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Blades leading edge erosion can significantly reduce annual energy production of wind turbines. Accurate estimates of the resulting blade performance impairment are paramount to predict the resulting energy losses and enable cost-informed decisions on optimal maintenance and operational strategies, maximizing energy production and reducing maintenance costs. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a robust approach for predicting the performance losses due to LEE. However, the impact of the damage on blade aerodynamics varies depending on damage pattern, extent and location. Therefore, direct CFD simulation of a sufficiently general set of damaged blades is computationally not viable in industrial applications, since the energy loss assessment needs to be performed for hundreds of turbines at many times of the wind farm operation. To address this issue, previous studies showed how CFD can be used to train machine learning metamodels of the perfomance of damaged blade sections, enabling the definition of multi-fidelity energy loss prediction systems. This study presents improved metamodels, using validated CFD to generate training datasets that cover a more general and wider range of erosion patterns, from low-amplitude roughness to severe grooves. In order to provide the industry with additional erosion geometry-linked tools for estimating energy yield losses, and foster further research and development in this area, the developed meta-models have been made available online with unrestricted access.
Original languageEnglish
Article number052055
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2024
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind Torque 2024 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 28 May 202431 May 2024


  • annual energy production
  • LE erosion
  • damage
  • wind turbine


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