Open type ferry safety systems design for using LNG fuel

D.N. Pagonis, George Livanos, Gerasimos Theotokatos, Sofia Peppa, Nikolaos Themelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This feasibility study investigates the viability of employing Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fuel to an open type Ro-Ro passenger ferry and the potential challenges imposed with regard to the vessel safety systems. The study proposes appropriate methodology for converting the existing ship to run on LNG fuel and discusses all the necessary modifications to the ship’s safety systems; furthermore, the ship’s evacuation analysis is investigated accordingly. The basic requirements that the ship already complies with are initially reported for each safety system while the additional restrictions that need to be taken into consideration for employing LNG fuel are analysed; appropriate actions are proposed. Furthermore, a Hazard Identification Study (HAZID) is also carried out. Overall, the technical feasibility of the investigated scenario is clearly demonstrated; minimal modifications to the ship's safety systems in order to comply with the imposed safety rules are required for the specific type of ship.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Application
Early online date20 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

Gas fuels
Liquefied natural gas
Security systems
Ships
Systems analysis
Hazards

Keywords

  • LNG fuel
  • fuel conversion
  • ship safety systems
  • LNG regulations
  • open-type ferry
  • design study

Cite this

Pagonis, D.N. ; Livanos, George ; Theotokatos, Gerasimos ; Peppa, Sofia ; Themelis, Nikolaos. / Open type ferry safety systems design for using LNG fuel. In: Journal of Marine Science and Application. 2016.
@article{8001003644b44390a646324ee48372f0,
title = "Open type ferry safety systems design for using LNG fuel",
abstract = "This feasibility study investigates the viability of employing Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fuel to an open type Ro-Ro passenger ferry and the potential challenges imposed with regard to the vessel safety systems. The study proposes appropriate methodology for converting the existing ship to run on LNG fuel and discusses all the necessary modifications to the ship’s safety systems; furthermore, the ship’s evacuation analysis is investigated accordingly. The basic requirements that the ship already complies with are initially reported for each safety system while the additional restrictions that need to be taken into consideration for employing LNG fuel are analysed; appropriate actions are proposed. Furthermore, a Hazard Identification Study (HAZID) is also carried out. Overall, the technical feasibility of the investigated scenario is clearly demonstrated; minimal modifications to the ship's safety systems in order to comply with the imposed safety rules are required for the specific type of ship.",
keywords = "LNG fuel, fuel conversion, ship safety systems, LNG regulations, open-type ferry, design study",
author = "D.N. Pagonis and George Livanos and Gerasimos Theotokatos and Sofia Peppa and Nikolaos Themelis",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-016-1386-2",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1007/s11804-016-1386-2",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Marine Science and Application",
issn = "1671-9433",

}

Open type ferry safety systems design for using LNG fuel. / Pagonis, D.N.; Livanos, George; Theotokatos, Gerasimos; Peppa, Sofia; Themelis, Nikolaos.

In: Journal of Marine Science and Application, 20.10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Open type ferry safety systems design for using LNG fuel

AU - Pagonis, D.N.

AU - Livanos, George

AU - Theotokatos, Gerasimos

AU - Peppa, Sofia

AU - Themelis, Nikolaos

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-016-1386-2

PY - 2016/10/20

Y1 - 2016/10/20

N2 - This feasibility study investigates the viability of employing Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fuel to an open type Ro-Ro passenger ferry and the potential challenges imposed with regard to the vessel safety systems. The study proposes appropriate methodology for converting the existing ship to run on LNG fuel and discusses all the necessary modifications to the ship’s safety systems; furthermore, the ship’s evacuation analysis is investigated accordingly. The basic requirements that the ship already complies with are initially reported for each safety system while the additional restrictions that need to be taken into consideration for employing LNG fuel are analysed; appropriate actions are proposed. Furthermore, a Hazard Identification Study (HAZID) is also carried out. Overall, the technical feasibility of the investigated scenario is clearly demonstrated; minimal modifications to the ship's safety systems in order to comply with the imposed safety rules are required for the specific type of ship.

AB - This feasibility study investigates the viability of employing Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fuel to an open type Ro-Ro passenger ferry and the potential challenges imposed with regard to the vessel safety systems. The study proposes appropriate methodology for converting the existing ship to run on LNG fuel and discusses all the necessary modifications to the ship’s safety systems; furthermore, the ship’s evacuation analysis is investigated accordingly. The basic requirements that the ship already complies with are initially reported for each safety system while the additional restrictions that need to be taken into consideration for employing LNG fuel are analysed; appropriate actions are proposed. Furthermore, a Hazard Identification Study (HAZID) is also carried out. Overall, the technical feasibility of the investigated scenario is clearly demonstrated; minimal modifications to the ship's safety systems in order to comply with the imposed safety rules are required for the specific type of ship.

KW - LNG fuel

KW - fuel conversion

KW - ship safety systems

KW - LNG regulations

KW - open-type ferry

KW - design study

U2 - 10.1007/s11804-016-1386-2

DO - 10.1007/s11804-016-1386-2

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Marine Science and Application

T2 - Journal of Marine Science and Application

JF - Journal of Marine Science and Application

SN - 1671-9433

ER -