Open boundary control for Navier-Stokes equations including the free surface: adjoint sensitivity analysis

I.Y. Gejadze, G.J.M. Copeland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper develops the adjoint sensitivities to the free-surface barotropic Navier- Stokes equations in order to allow for the assimilation of measurements of currents and free-surface elevations into an unsteady flow solution by open-boundary control. To calculate a variation in a surface variable, a mapping is used in the vertical to shift the problem into a fixed domain. A variation is evaluated in the transformed space from the Jacobian matrix of the mapping. This variation is then mapped back into the original space where it completes a tangent linear model. The adjoint equations are derived using the scalar product formulas redefined for a domain with variable bounds. The method is demonstrated by application to an unsteady fluid flow in a one-dimensional open channel in which horizontal and vertical components of velocity are represented as well as the elevation of the free surface (a 2D vertical section model). This requires the proper treatment of open boundaries in both the forward and adjoint models. A particular application is to the construction of a fully three-dimensional coastal ocean model that allows assimilation of tidal elevation and current data. However, the results are general and can be applied in a wider context.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1243-1268
Number of pages25
JournalComputers and Mathematics with Applications
Volume52
Issue number8-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Boundary Control
Free Surface
Navier Stokes equations
Sensitivity analysis
Sensitivity Analysis
Navier-Stokes Equations
Vertical
Unsteady Flow
Open Channel
Product formula
Adjoint Equation
Jacobian matrix
Scalar, inner or dot product
Ocean
Tangent line
Jacobian matrices
Fluid Flow
Linear Model
Horizontal
Unsteady flow

Keywords

  • Navier-Stokes equations
  • free surface
  • open boundary
  • optimal control
  • adjoint equations
  • sensitivity analysis
  • ocean
  • waves

Cite this

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title = "Open boundary control for Navier-Stokes equations including the free surface: adjoint sensitivity analysis",
abstract = "This paper develops the adjoint sensitivities to the free-surface barotropic Navier- Stokes equations in order to allow for the assimilation of measurements of currents and free-surface elevations into an unsteady flow solution by open-boundary control. To calculate a variation in a surface variable, a mapping is used in the vertical to shift the problem into a fixed domain. A variation is evaluated in the transformed space from the Jacobian matrix of the mapping. This variation is then mapped back into the original space where it completes a tangent linear model. The adjoint equations are derived using the scalar product formulas redefined for a domain with variable bounds. The method is demonstrated by application to an unsteady fluid flow in a one-dimensional open channel in which horizontal and vertical components of velocity are represented as well as the elevation of the free surface (a 2D vertical section model). This requires the proper treatment of open boundaries in both the forward and adjoint models. A particular application is to the construction of a fully three-dimensional coastal ocean model that allows assimilation of tidal elevation and current data. However, the results are general and can be applied in a wider context.",
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Open boundary control for Navier-Stokes equations including the free surface: adjoint sensitivity analysis. / Gejadze, I.Y.; Copeland, G.J.M.

In: Computers and Mathematics with Applications, Vol. 52, No. 8-9, 2006, p. 1243-1268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Copeland, G.J.M.

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N2 - This paper develops the adjoint sensitivities to the free-surface barotropic Navier- Stokes equations in order to allow for the assimilation of measurements of currents and free-surface elevations into an unsteady flow solution by open-boundary control. To calculate a variation in a surface variable, a mapping is used in the vertical to shift the problem into a fixed domain. A variation is evaluated in the transformed space from the Jacobian matrix of the mapping. This variation is then mapped back into the original space where it completes a tangent linear model. The adjoint equations are derived using the scalar product formulas redefined for a domain with variable bounds. The method is demonstrated by application to an unsteady fluid flow in a one-dimensional open channel in which horizontal and vertical components of velocity are represented as well as the elevation of the free surface (a 2D vertical section model). This requires the proper treatment of open boundaries in both the forward and adjoint models. A particular application is to the construction of a fully three-dimensional coastal ocean model that allows assimilation of tidal elevation and current data. However, the results are general and can be applied in a wider context.

AB - This paper develops the adjoint sensitivities to the free-surface barotropic Navier- Stokes equations in order to allow for the assimilation of measurements of currents and free-surface elevations into an unsteady flow solution by open-boundary control. To calculate a variation in a surface variable, a mapping is used in the vertical to shift the problem into a fixed domain. A variation is evaluated in the transformed space from the Jacobian matrix of the mapping. This variation is then mapped back into the original space where it completes a tangent linear model. The adjoint equations are derived using the scalar product formulas redefined for a domain with variable bounds. The method is demonstrated by application to an unsteady fluid flow in a one-dimensional open channel in which horizontal and vertical components of velocity are represented as well as the elevation of the free surface (a 2D vertical section model). This requires the proper treatment of open boundaries in both the forward and adjoint models. A particular application is to the construction of a fully three-dimensional coastal ocean model that allows assimilation of tidal elevation and current data. However, the results are general and can be applied in a wider context.

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