Online identification of cascading events in power systems with renewable generation using measurement data and machine learning

Georgios A. Nakas, Alara Dirik, Panagiotis N. Papadopoulos, Amarsagar Reddy Ramapuram Matavalam, Oliver Paul, Dimitrios Tzelepis

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Abstract

This paper introduces a framework for online identification of cascading events in power systems with renewable generation, based on supervised machine learning techniques and measurement data. Cascading events are low-probability, high-impact events, the propagation of which can lead even to large-scale blackouts, with severe consequences to society. The proposed methodology is based on Long-short term memory networks, considering uncertainties associated with renewable generation, system loading and initial contingencies. By utilizing time-series measurement data, the proposed method can predict the appearance of cascading events, as defined by the discrete action of protection devices which can capture voltage, frequency or transient instability related dynamic phenomena. The proposed framework is applied on a modified version of the IEEE-39 bus model incorporating detailed dynamic renewable generation and protection devices implementations. Results highlight that the suggested method can successfully identify cases with cascading events with up to 95.6% accuracy and with an average inference time of 0.042s, taking into account practical considerations related to phasor measurement units, such as availability and noise in measurement data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72343-72356
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
Volume11
Early online date12 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • cascading failures
  • dynamic simulation
  • machine learning
  • phasor measurement units
  • renewable generation

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