One night at sea: effects of verbal priming on perceptions and recollections of wartime events

K. Durkin, Kim Kirsner, John C. Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates perceptions of and memory for a filmed ambiguous event, intended to simulate features of a contentious naval incident that occurred during World War II. Participants viewed a short film that contained elements attributable to a storm or a battle at sea. In different conditions, test instructions mentioned speculation about the possibility of a storm or a battle, or were neutral. Participants exposed to the battle prime were significantly more likely to describe a battle taking place than were participants exposed to either,I storm or neutral prime. Evidence of the influence of expectations was also obtained via a recognition measure and confidence ratings. Memory biases were unchanged 7 weeks post the initial viewing. It is concluded that observers of ambiguous events during times of war are vulnerable to errors based oil schematic expectations and that these patterns of errors can be replicated in laboratory simulations.
LanguageEnglish
Pages938-952
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

Fingerprint

Oceans and Seas
World War II
Oils
Recollection
Night
Priming
Wartime
Recognition (Psychology)
Warfare

Keywords

  • eyewitness memory
  • scripts
  • schemas
  • information
  • recall

Cite this

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One night at sea: effects of verbal priming on perceptions and recollections of wartime events. / Durkin, K.; Kirsner, Kim; Dunn, John C.

In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 7, 11.2008, p. 938-952.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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