On the Poisson's ratio of the nucleus pulposus

Mark Farrell, Philip Riches

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Existing experimental data on the Poisson’s ratio of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue is limited. This study aims to determine whether the Poisson’s ratio of NP tissue is strain-dependent, strain-rate-dependent or varies with axial location in the disc. Thirty-two cylindrical plugs of bovine tail NP tissue were subjected to ramp-hold unconfined compression to 20% axial strain in 5% increments, at either 30µm/s or 0.3µm/s ramp speeds and the radial displacement determined using biaxial videoextensometry. Following radial recoil, the true Poisson’s ratio of the solid phase of NP tissue increased linearly with increasing strain and demonstrated strain-rate dependency. The latter finding suggests that the solid matrix undergoes stress relaxation during the test. For small strains, we suggest a Poisson’s ratio of 0.12 to be used in biphasic models of the intervertebral disc.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
    Volume135
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    Poisson ratio
    Tissue
    Architectural Accessibility
    Strain rate
    Intervertebral Disc
    Stress relaxation
    Compaction
    Nucleus Pulposus

    Keywords

    • Poisson’s ratio
    • nucleus pulposus

    Cite this

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    title = "On the Poisson's ratio of the nucleus pulposus",
    abstract = "Existing experimental data on the Poisson’s ratio of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue is limited. This study aims to determine whether the Poisson’s ratio of NP tissue is strain-dependent, strain-rate-dependent or varies with axial location in the disc. Thirty-two cylindrical plugs of bovine tail NP tissue were subjected to ramp-hold unconfined compression to 20{\%} axial strain in 5{\%} increments, at either 30µm/s or 0.3µm/s ramp speeds and the radial displacement determined using biaxial videoextensometry. Following radial recoil, the true Poisson’s ratio of the solid phase of NP tissue increased linearly with increasing strain and demonstrated strain-rate dependency. The latter finding suggests that the solid matrix undergoes stress relaxation during the test. For small strains, we suggest a Poisson’s ratio of 0.12 to be used in biphasic models of the intervertebral disc.",
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    author = "Mark Farrell and Philip Riches",
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    On the Poisson's ratio of the nucleus pulposus. / Farrell, Mark; Riches, Philip.

    In: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 135, No. 10, 2013.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - On the Poisson's ratio of the nucleus pulposus

    AU - Farrell, Mark

    AU - Riches, Philip

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Existing experimental data on the Poisson’s ratio of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue is limited. This study aims to determine whether the Poisson’s ratio of NP tissue is strain-dependent, strain-rate-dependent or varies with axial location in the disc. Thirty-two cylindrical plugs of bovine tail NP tissue were subjected to ramp-hold unconfined compression to 20% axial strain in 5% increments, at either 30µm/s or 0.3µm/s ramp speeds and the radial displacement determined using biaxial videoextensometry. Following radial recoil, the true Poisson’s ratio of the solid phase of NP tissue increased linearly with increasing strain and demonstrated strain-rate dependency. The latter finding suggests that the solid matrix undergoes stress relaxation during the test. For small strains, we suggest a Poisson’s ratio of 0.12 to be used in biphasic models of the intervertebral disc.

    AB - Existing experimental data on the Poisson’s ratio of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue is limited. This study aims to determine whether the Poisson’s ratio of NP tissue is strain-dependent, strain-rate-dependent or varies with axial location in the disc. Thirty-two cylindrical plugs of bovine tail NP tissue were subjected to ramp-hold unconfined compression to 20% axial strain in 5% increments, at either 30µm/s or 0.3µm/s ramp speeds and the radial displacement determined using biaxial videoextensometry. Following radial recoil, the true Poisson’s ratio of the solid phase of NP tissue increased linearly with increasing strain and demonstrated strain-rate dependency. The latter finding suggests that the solid matrix undergoes stress relaxation during the test. For small strains, we suggest a Poisson’s ratio of 0.12 to be used in biphasic models of the intervertebral disc.

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    KW - nucleus pulposus

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    UR - http://biomechanical.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/journal.aspx

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