Exact continuum forms of balance (for mass, linear momentum, and tensor-valued moment of momentum) are established as relations between weighted spatial averages of corpuscular quantities computed at any supra-molecular length scale. Explicit expressions for stress and generalised couple stress in terms of particle interactions are obtained using a theorem due to Noll, and their physical interpretation is discussed for a specific choice of weighting function. Remarks are made on other choices of weighting function, the interpretation of partial stress in mixture theory, a link between couple stress and inhomogeneity, and other forms of moment of momentum balance. Comparison is made with the statistical mechanical viewpoint pioneered by Irving and Kirkwood.
|Number of pages||26|
|Journal||Journal of Elasticity|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
- couple stress
- microscopic interpretation
- weighting function