On the kinetics of thermal oxidation of the thermographic phosphor BaMgAL10O17:Eu

Álvaro Yáñez-González, Berend van Wachem, Stephen Skinner, Frank Beyrau, Andrew Heyes

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Decreased photoluminescence of the phosphor BaMgAL10O17:Eu due to oxidation of the europium dopant at high temperatures has been a subject of study for many years in relation to its use in lighting applications. However, understanding of the underlying effects that cause this reduction in photoluminescence remains incomplete and some of the mechanisms proposed in the literature are contradictory. Recent use of this phosphor as a thermal history sensor has extended the range of exposure conditions normally investigated in lighting applications to higher temperatures and multiple exposure times. The kinetics of the process were investigated by means of spectroscopy and material characterisation techniques. It was found that changes in the luminescence are the result of two simultaneous processes: the oxidation of Eu2+ ions (through a process of diffusion) and a phase transition. The level of degradation of the phosphor is suggested to follow the Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (KJMA) model above 900 °C and thus can be predicted with knowledge of the exposure time and temperature. This is useful in applications of the phosphor as a temperature sensor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials and Design
Early online date24 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2016


  • BAM:Eu
  • oxidation
  • phosphorescence
  • temperature sensor
  • thermal paint
  • thermographic phosphor
  • optical spectroscopy
  • photoluminescence

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