On the integration of renewable energy systems within the built environment

Francesca J. Born, Joseph Clarke, Cameron Johnstone, Nicolas Kelly, Graeme Burt, Adam Dysko, Iain Macdonald, I.B.B. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Future cities are likely to be characterized by a greater level of renewable energy systems deployment. Maximum impact will be achieved when such systems are used to offset local energy demands in contrast to the grid connection of large schemes. This paper elaborates a method whereby passive renewable technologies are deployed locally to reduce energy requirements while active renewable technologies are deployed to meet a significant portion of the residual demand. A modelling system for the identification of suitable schemes is then described and its application to a real case reported.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-13
Number of pages10
JournalBuilding Services Engineering Research and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • built environment
  • future cities
  • renewable energy
  • energy systems


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