On the evolution of microstructure and texture in commercial purity titanium during multiple passes of incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP)

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Abstract

This paper presents an investigation on the evolution of microstructure and deformation characteristics of commercial purity Titanium (CP-Ti) during incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP). CP-Ti grade 2 was subjected to six passes at 300 °C following route BC, using a die with channel angle of 120°. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique was used to characterize the microstructure after first, second, fourth and sixth pass, in the flow and transverse plane of the samples. Texture development through subsequent processing was also investigated using pole figures in both planes. Following first pass, the grain boundary maps across both flow and transverse plane showed a high degree of heterogeneity in grain morphology with the presence of elongated and fine grains. Also, misorientation peaks associated with {10-12} tensile twins and a small fraction of {11-22} compressive twins were observed in the microstructure. After second pass, microstructure was further refined and the twinning activity was greatly reduced with no noticeable activity after the fourth pass. Remarkable grain refinement was achieved after sixth pass with majority of grains in the ultrafine grain (UFG) range and with a relatively homogenous microstructure. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) has been observed during subsequent I-ECAP processing. It was seen that twinning alongside CDRX acted as a dominant grain refinement mechanism during the initial passes of I-ECAP process beyond which slip was dominant deformation behaviour.
LanguageEnglish
Pages31-47
Number of pages17
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Volume699
Early online date20 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

Equal channel angular pressing
pressing
Titanium
purity
textures
titanium
Textures
microstructure
Microstructure
Grain refinement
Twinning
twinning
Dynamic recrystallization
Processing
Electron diffraction
Poles
Grain boundaries
misalignment
grade
slip

Keywords

  • commercially pure titanium
  • incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP)
  • grain refinement
  • electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD)
  • twinning
  • continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX)
  • I-ECAP

Cite this

@article{7cd26693155a45fdacd8f2d1a8b6ca3f,
title = "On the evolution of microstructure and texture in commercial purity titanium during multiple passes of incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP)",
abstract = "This paper presents an investigation on the evolution of microstructure and deformation characteristics of commercial purity Titanium (CP-Ti) during incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP). CP-Ti grade 2 was subjected to six passes at 300 °C following route BC, using a die with channel angle of 120°. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique was used to characterize the microstructure after first, second, fourth and sixth pass, in the flow and transverse plane of the samples. Texture development through subsequent processing was also investigated using pole figures in both planes. Following first pass, the grain boundary maps across both flow and transverse plane showed a high degree of heterogeneity in grain morphology with the presence of elongated and fine grains. Also, misorientation peaks associated with {10-12} tensile twins and a small fraction of {11-22} compressive twins were observed in the microstructure. After second pass, microstructure was further refined and the twinning activity was greatly reduced with no noticeable activity after the fourth pass. Remarkable grain refinement was achieved after sixth pass with majority of grains in the ultrafine grain (UFG) range and with a relatively homogenous microstructure. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) has been observed during subsequent I-ECAP processing. It was seen that twinning alongside CDRX acted as a dominant grain refinement mechanism during the initial passes of I-ECAP process beyond which slip was dominant deformation behaviour.",
keywords = "commercially pure titanium, incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP), grain refinement, electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), twinning, continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX), I-ECAP",
author = "Qarni, {Muhammad Jawad} and Giribaskar Sivaswamy and Andrzej Rosochowski and Sonia Boczkal",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
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language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - On the evolution of microstructure and texture in commercial purity titanium during multiple passes of incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP)

AU - Qarni, Muhammad Jawad

AU - Sivaswamy, Giribaskar

AU - Rosochowski, Andrzej

AU - Boczkal, Sonia

PY - 2017/6/24

Y1 - 2017/6/24

N2 - This paper presents an investigation on the evolution of microstructure and deformation characteristics of commercial purity Titanium (CP-Ti) during incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP). CP-Ti grade 2 was subjected to six passes at 300 °C following route BC, using a die with channel angle of 120°. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique was used to characterize the microstructure after first, second, fourth and sixth pass, in the flow and transverse plane of the samples. Texture development through subsequent processing was also investigated using pole figures in both planes. Following first pass, the grain boundary maps across both flow and transverse plane showed a high degree of heterogeneity in grain morphology with the presence of elongated and fine grains. Also, misorientation peaks associated with {10-12} tensile twins and a small fraction of {11-22} compressive twins were observed in the microstructure. After second pass, microstructure was further refined and the twinning activity was greatly reduced with no noticeable activity after the fourth pass. Remarkable grain refinement was achieved after sixth pass with majority of grains in the ultrafine grain (UFG) range and with a relatively homogenous microstructure. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) has been observed during subsequent I-ECAP processing. It was seen that twinning alongside CDRX acted as a dominant grain refinement mechanism during the initial passes of I-ECAP process beyond which slip was dominant deformation behaviour.

AB - This paper presents an investigation on the evolution of microstructure and deformation characteristics of commercial purity Titanium (CP-Ti) during incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP). CP-Ti grade 2 was subjected to six passes at 300 °C following route BC, using a die with channel angle of 120°. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique was used to characterize the microstructure after first, second, fourth and sixth pass, in the flow and transverse plane of the samples. Texture development through subsequent processing was also investigated using pole figures in both planes. Following first pass, the grain boundary maps across both flow and transverse plane showed a high degree of heterogeneity in grain morphology with the presence of elongated and fine grains. Also, misorientation peaks associated with {10-12} tensile twins and a small fraction of {11-22} compressive twins were observed in the microstructure. After second pass, microstructure was further refined and the twinning activity was greatly reduced with no noticeable activity after the fourth pass. Remarkable grain refinement was achieved after sixth pass with majority of grains in the ultrafine grain (UFG) range and with a relatively homogenous microstructure. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) has been observed during subsequent I-ECAP processing. It was seen that twinning alongside CDRX acted as a dominant grain refinement mechanism during the initial passes of I-ECAP process beyond which slip was dominant deformation behaviour.

KW - commercially pure titanium

KW - incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP)

KW - grain refinement

KW - electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD)

KW - twinning

KW - continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX)

KW - I-ECAP

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921509317306512

U2 - 10.1016/j.msea.2017.05.040

DO - 10.1016/j.msea.2017.05.040

M3 - Article

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JO - Materials Science and Engineering: A

T2 - Materials Science and Engineering: A

JF - Materials Science and Engineering: A

SN - 0921-5093

ER -